|Pedro Toledo Dávila|
Ponce, Puerto Rico
|Died||December 23, 2012 (aged 68–69)
Hato Rey, Puerto Rico
|Department||Puerto Rico Police Department|
|Rank||Superintendent (1993-2001, 2005-2009)|
Pedro Toledo Dávila (1943–December 23, 2012) was a former Superintendent of the Puerto Rico Police Department. He is known for serving as such for two non-consecutive terms, under two different administrations (1993-2000 under Pedro Rosselló; 2005-2009 under Aníbal Acevedo Vilá). Toledo was also a former attorney and FBI agent.
Early years and studies
Pedro Toledo Dávila was born in 1943 to Pedro Toledo and Gladys Dávila at Hospital Dr. Pila in Ponce, Puerto Rico. He lived with his mother in Juana Díaz, until his father returned from World War II. After that, they moved to Ponce, where Toledo attended elementary and secondary school, graduating in 1961.
Toledo enrolled at the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez where he obtained a degree in Mechanical Engineering in 1966. Toledo then went to work for the NASA at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, as an air conditioning systems engineer for the Saturn V and Apollo missions.
Career with the FBI
In 1968, Toledo was accepted into the Federal Bureau of Investigations. Toledo has said "I had finished the career in engineering but there are a lot of lawyers in my family, and I believed that [by joining the FBI] I could indirectly enter the field of law." As part of the FBI, he was assigned as an agent to Albuquerque, New Mexico, where he worked until November 1969. That year, he was transferred to Miami, Florida.
In 1971, Toledo was moved to Puerto Rico, where he began legal studies at the Interamerican University Law School. After three years, Toledo graduated with a Juris Doctor. During his time with the FBI, Toledo also worked as legal adviser. He also attended the Bureau's technology and polygraph schools, as well as hostage negotiator's school. He eventually joined a specialized national team of negotiators called the Critical Incident Negotiation Team.
Toledo was the main negotiator in 1987 during the Atlanta Prison Riots. The riots were caused by a group of Cuban inmates who refused to be repatriated to Cuba after the Mariel boatlift. The negotiation process took two weeks, and nearly collapsed when U.S. supervisors withdrew Toledo’s team to reestablish negotiations in English with a translator. Toledo said about the incident "Six hours after they did that there was a near riot. Inmates broke the phone used for negotiations and demanded that we, the Latinos, be called back," Toledo remembered. "They had to do it. Once we were back, the inmates, in a show of good will, immediately freed some hostages."
Toledo was appointed as supervisor of the Violent Crimes Unit of the FBI in San Juan in 1989. In 1991, Toledo also participated in negotiations during riots at the federal prison in Talladega, Alabama. During the riots, over nine hostages were taken by 121 Cuban detainees. The Cubans, who had arrived in the U.S. during the boatlift, were trying to avoid deportation, and refused to negotiate. Toledo was asked to buy time so that SWAT teams could effectively prepare for a raid.
In 1992, Toledo was the second in charge of the FBI in Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico Police Department
First term (1993-2001)
After his time with the FBI, Toledo became supervisor of the Violent Crimes division for the Puerto Rico Police Department. When Pedro Rosselló was elected Governor of Puerto Rico during the elections, he selected Toledo to be his Police Superintendent. Toledo, who was a known supporter of Rossello's party (PNP) became known for his firm stance against crime, which he dubbed "Mano Dura contra el Crimen" (roughly translated as "Strong arm against crime").
Some of Toledo's initiatives against drugs and violence involved the collaboration with the National Guard and the occupation of public housing projects (or "caseríos"). During his tenure, murders in the island went from its highest peak in recent years (995 in 1994) to its lowest (690 in 2000).
In 2000, elected Governor Sila María Calderón appointed Miguel Pereira as Superintendent of the police. Toledo announced his retirement from the force, and dedicated to maintain a small law practice in association with one of his sons.
Second term (2005-2009)
In 2005, elected Governor Aníbal Acevedo Vilá (from the PPD) surprisingly appointed Toledo as Superintendent. Despite his opposing political beliefs, Toledo agreed to return. During this time, Toledo led a reestructuring of the Police Department creating separate auxiliary superintendencies for Drugs, Narcotics, Illegal Weapons, Internal Affairs, and others.
Later years and death
After his second stint as Superintendent, Toledo returned to private life. He still was regularly interviewed to offer his opinion on security matters of the island.
On December 23, 2012, Toledo was taken to Hospital Auxilio Mutuo in Hato Rey, Puerto Rico, where he died of a heart attack. As a result, Governor Luis Fortuño declared a day of mourning on December 26. Upon Toledo's death, politicians from all parties and ideologies expressed their grief while praising Toledo's integrity and work ethic. Toledo's body was exposed on Ehret Funerary in Río Piedras since Wednesday, December 26, and was buried on Friday, on Borinquen Memorial Cemetery in Caguas.
Toledo had four sons: Pedro Jorge, José Eduardo, Luis Fernando and Juan José.
- Pedro Toledo, Public Safety Commissioner, Police Superintendent, Public Sector Person of the Year on Puerto Rico Herald; García, Ivonne (December 28, 2000)
- Alvarado, Gerardo (December 2012). "Pedro Toledo: Un hombre duro y duradero". El Nuevo Día.
- Negro récord de asesinatos en Puerto Rico on El Nuevo Herald (December 30, 2008)
- 2000-2010: Lo que nos dicen los ciclos on El Vocero; Rosselló, Ricardo (January 5, 2011)
- "Muere el ex-superintendente de la policía Pedro Toledo". El Nuevo Día. December 23, 2012.
- "Consternados los políticos ante súbita muerte de Pedro Toledo". El Nuevo Día. December 23, 2012.
- Gómez, Antonio R. (December 25, 2012). "Toledo será enterrado el viernes en Caguas". El Nuevo Día.
Ismael Betancourt Lebron
|Superintendent of the Puerto Rico Police Department
Pierre Vivoni del Valle
Agustín Cartagena Díaz
|Superintendent of the Puerto Rico Police Department
José Figueroa Sancha