Peggy (1793 ship)

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History
Britain
Name: Peggy
Owner:
  • 1801:Transport Board[1]
  • 1804:W. Boyd & Co.[2][3]
  • 1810:James Thomas[4]
  • 1814: Tibbitt & Co., London[3]
  • 1819:Palmer & Co.[3]
Builder: Gillet & Co., Calcutta[5][4]
Launched: 1793[5][Note 1]
Renamed: Juliana 1801
Fate: Wrecked 1821
General characteristics
Class and type: Barque
Tons burthen: 498[4][5][6] or 502,[1] or 5027994,[9] or 512,[7] or 516,[2][10][8] or 5167294[3] (bm)
Length: 112 ft 5 in (34.3 m) (overall); 87 ft 9 in (26.7 m) (keel)[4]
Beam: 32 ft 8 in (10.0 m)[4]
Depth of hold: 15 ft 8 in (4.8 m)[4]
Complement:
Armament:
  • 1810:12 × 12&6-pounder guns[10]
  • 1812:12 × 12&6-pounder guns[10]
Notes: Teak-built; three masts and two decks

Peggy was built at Calcutta in 1793 and initially sailed in the Indian coastal and Far East trade. In 1801 she assumed British registry and her name was changed to Juliana. Her owners sold her to the Transport Board but in 1804 the government resold her and she was sailing as a West Indiaman between London and Antigua. She then made two voyages for the British East India Company (EIC), and one voyage to Hobart, Van Dieman's Land, transporting convicts. On her return from this voyage she wrecked in 1821 on the English coast.

Career[edit]

Juliana was accepted into the Registry of Great Britain on 14 December 1801.[9] She was sold to the Government for service with the Transport Board.[1]

Juliana enters Lloyd's Register for 1805 with F. Smith, master, Boyd, owner, and trade London-Antigua.[2] She also enters the Register of Shipping in 1805, but with Bourne, master, Beatson, owner, and location London.[11] In 1806 the information in the Register of Shipping matches that in Lloyd's Register.

On 15 February 1808 HMS Guerriere captured near Barbados the French privateer brig Malvina, of Nantes. Malvina was commanded by René Salaun and carried 14 guns and 60 men. She had been travelling with her prize, the British ship Juliana, which Guerriere recaptured.[12][Note 2]

Lloyd's Register for 1810 shows Juliana's master changing from F. Smith to Toussaint, her owner from Boyd & Co. to Thomas & Co., and her trade from London—Antigua to London—Bengal.[13] In 1810 the EIC chartered Juliana for one voyage. On her return it chartered her for a second voyage.[6]

First EIC voyage (1810–1811): Captain Jeremiah Richard James Toussaint acquired a letter of marque on 7 April 1810.[10] He sailed from Portsmouth on 11 May 1810, bound for Bengal. Juliana was at Madeira on 27 May.[4] On 4 July she and the convoy she was part of were "all well" at 8°52′S 26°30′W / 8.867°S 26.500°W / -8.867; -26.500. They were under the escort of the frigate HMS Phoenix,[14] which was going out to serve in the East Indies. Juliana reached Madras on 12 October, and arrived at Calcutta on 1 December. Homeward bound she was at Saugor on 26 January 1811, reached St Helena on 11 May St Helena, and arrived at the Downs on 13 July.[4]

Second EIC voyage (1812–1813): Captain Richard Rawes acquired a letter of marque on 27 April 1812.[10] He sailed from Falmouth on 15 May 1812, bound for Batavia, by then in English hands. Juliana reached Madeira on 3 June.[4] On 7 July she and the convoy she was with were "all well" at 3°36′N 15°30′W / 3.600°N 15.500°W / 3.600; -15.500.[15] Juliana arrived at Batavia on 30 September. Homeward bound, she reached the Cape of Good Hope on 19 March 1813 and St Helena on 10 April, and arrived at the Downs on 10 August.[4]

The EIC released Juliana from service,[6] and Tibbitt & Co. purchased her for private trade to India under a licence from the EIC.[6]

On 18 May 1820, a heavy gale drove Juliana, Ogilvie, master, coming from Penang, out of the Downs and into the North Sea, costing her two anchors and cables. She returned three days later and received replacement anchors and cables from Ransgate.[16]

Convict transport (1820): In 1820 Juliana transported convicts to Hobart. She left on 3 September 1820 and arrived at Hobart on 28 December.[8] She embarked 160 male convicts, one of whom died en route.[17]

The Register of Shipping for 1821–22 showed Juliana with Ogilvie, master, Palmer, owner, and trade London—New South Wales.[7]

Fate[edit]

On 23 December 1821 a gale blew Juliana, Ogilvie, master, from Bengal, out of the Ramsgate Roads and cost her two anchors and a cable. She sent a boat to shore to get replacements, and the boat was supposed to deliver them on the evening tide.[18] However, Juliana was wrecked on the Kentish Knock at the mouth of the River Thames. Forty lives were lost; there were only two survivors.[19]

Notes, citations and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ There is some ambiguity about the launch year. Other dates proffered include 1783,[4] 1791,[3] 1792,[6] 1794,[7] and 1798.[2][8] The reason to prefer 1793 is that Phipps was closest to the registration records from Calcutta.
  2. ^ An examination of Lloyd's Register suggests the recaptured Juliana was most probably the Juliana of this article.

Citations

  1. ^ a b c Select committee... (1814), p.627.
  2. ^ a b c d Lloyd's Register (1805), Supple. Seq. №68.
  3. ^ a b c d e Hackman (2001), pp.134 & 288.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k British Library: Juliana.
  5. ^ a b c Phipps (1840), p.97.
  6. ^ a b c d e Select committee... (1814), p.84.
  7. ^ a b c Register of Shipping (1822), Seq. №1050.
  8. ^ a b c Bateson (1959), pp.306–7.
  9. ^ a b Select committee (1814), p.87.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Letter of Marque, p.71 – accessed 25 July 2017.
  11. ^ Register of Shipping (1805), sEQ. №1006.
  12. ^ "No. 16145". The London Gazette. 14 May 1808. p. 682.
  13. ^ Lloyd's Register (1810), Seq. №965.
  14. ^ Lloyd's List №4489.
  15. ^ Lloyd's List №4714.
  16. ^ Lloyd's List №5497.
  17. ^ Bateson (1959), p.328.
  18. ^ Lloyd's List №5656.
  19. ^ Lloyd's List №5657.

References

  • Bateson, Charles (1959). The Convict Ships, 1787–1868. Brown, Son & Ferguson. OCLC 3778075.
  • Hackman, Rowan (2001). Ships of the East India Company. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-96-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Phipps, John, (of the Master Attendant's Office, Calcutta), (1840) A Collection of Papers Relative to Ship Building in India ...: Also a Register Comprehending All the Ships ... Built in India to the Present Time .... (Scott).
  • Select Committee on Petitions Relating to East-India-Built Shipping, House of Commons, Parliament of Great Britain (1814) Minutes of the Evidence Taken Before the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Petitions Relating to East-India-built Shipping. (His Majesty's Stationery Office).