Pembina Band of Chippewa Indians
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (May 2017)
Pembina Band of Chippewa Indians (Ojibwe: Aniibiminani-ziibiwininiwag) are a historical band of Chippewa (Ojibwe), originally living along the Red River of the North and its tributaries. Through the treaty process with the United States, the Pembina Band were settled on reservations in Minnesota and North Dakota. Some tribal members refusing settlement in North Dakota relocated northward and westward, some eventually settling in Montana.
The successors apparent of the Pembina Band are:
- Chippewa Cree Tribe of the Rocky Boys Indian Reservation (Montana) (in part);
- Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana (in full);
- Red Lake Band of Chippewa (Minnesota) (in part);
- Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation (Manitoba) (in full);
- Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians (North Dakota) (in full); and
- White Earth Band of Ojibwe (Minnesota) (in part).
The so-called "Little Shell Pembina Band of North America," based in North Dakota, is a sovereign citizens group founded by one family descended from the historical Little Shell Chippewa Band and made up mostly by white militia members. It claims to be a successor apparent of the Pembina Band, but it is not recognized as a Native American tribe by the US federal government nor by North Dakota. It is classified as an extremist group by the Anti-Defamation League.
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