Persicaria bistorta (bistort, common bistort, or meadow bistort) is a species of flowering plant native to Europe and north and west Asia. The generic placement of this species is in flux. While treated here in Persicaria, it has also been placed in Polygonum or Bistorta.
Numerous other vernacular names have been recorded for the species in historical texts, though none is used to any extent. Many of the following refer to the plant's use in making puddings:
Persicaria bistorta is an herbaceous perennial growing to 75 cm (30 in) tall by 90 cm (35 in) wide. The foliage is normally basal with a few smaller leaves produced near the lower end of the flowering stems. The leaves are oblong-ovate or triangular-ovate in shape and narrow at the base. The petioles are broadly winged. The plant blooms from late spring into autumn, producing tall stems ending in single terminal racemes that are club-like spikes, 5–7 cm (2–3 in) long, of rose-pink flowers. The plant grows in moist soils and under dry conditions goes dormant, losing its foliage until adequate moisture exists again.
This species is grown as an ornamental garden plant, especially the form 'Superba' which has larger, more showy flowers, and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. It is suitable for use as a marginal or in bog gardens.
In Northern England the plant was used to make a bitter pudding in Lent from a combination of the leaves, oatmeal, egg and other herbs. It is the principal ingredient of dock pudding or Easter-Ledge Pudding. The root of Bistort can be used to produce an astringent that was used in medicine.
In Vitosha, Bulgaria
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