Peter Frelinghuysen Jr.
Peter Frelinghuysen Jr.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New Jersey's 5th district
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1975
|Preceded by||Charles Aubrey Eaton|
|Succeeded by||Millicent Fenwick|
Peter Hood Ballantine Frelinghuysen II
January 17, 1916
New York City, New York
|Died||May 23, 2011 (aged 95)|
Harding Township, New Jersey
|Spouse(s)||Beatrice Sterling Procter|
|Children||Rodney P. Frelinghuysen|
|Alma mater||Princeton University|
Yale Law School
Peter Hood Ballantine Frelinghuysen II (January 17, 1916 – May 23, 2011) was an American politician. He represented New Jersey's fifth congressional district in the United States House of Representatives as a Republican from 1953 to 1975.
Peter Frelinghuysen came from a long line of New Jersey politicians dating back to the early years of the United States, including four United States senators and two House members. He was the grandson of George Griswold Frelinghuysen, great-grandson of Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, the great-great-nephew of Theodore Frelinghuysen, and the great-great-great-grandson of Frederick Frelinghuysen. He was also a great-great-grandson of Ballantine Brewery founder Peter Ballantine.
Born on January 17, 1916, in New York City to Peter H.B. Frelinghuysen Sr. and the former Adaline Havemeyer, Frelinghuysen's father was a banker who descended from 18th century Dutch settlers in Somerset County.[a] His siblings included his twin brother Henry O.H. Frelinghuysen, a philanthropist and civic leader, George G. Frelinghuysen, and Frederica Frelinghuysen Emert. He attended St. Mark's School in Southborough, Massachusetts, and graduated from Princeton University in 1938 and Yale Law School in 1941.
After practicing law in New York City, he served in the Office of Naval Intelligence from September 1942 to December 1945 obtaining the rank of lieutenant. He then studied at Columbia University, 1946–1947. He served as staff of the Foreign Affairs Task Force of the Hoover Commission in 1948 before returning to the private sector. He served as director of Howard Savings Bank in Livingston, New Jersey.[b]
In 1952, he was elected to the House of Representatives from New Jersey's 5th congressional district and served there until his retirement from politics in 1975. As a moderate Republican, he supported the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but not the Johnson administration's war on poverty programs.
In December 1959, when the Port of New York Authority's plans to develop a tract of woodlands and marsh near his estate in Morris County as an international airport serving the New York City region were exposed, Frelinghuysen participated in the opposition by the Jersey Jetport Site Association that was composed of local residents and conservationists, which raised funds to purchase almost 3,000 acres of the targeted site and donated it to the federal government, to be preserved forever as park lands. With the defeat of the airport development initiative, that parcel became the initial portion of the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, established by federal statute on November 3, 1960, in the middle of the development controversy.
In the 1960s, extortionists targeted Frelinghuysen for blackmail, arranging for him to have a sexual encounter with an underage male and then, posing as police officers, threatening him with public exposure. Frelinghuysen paid them $50,000. He later cooperated with the FBI's investigation of the extortionist ring, but the Justice Department notified the leadership of the House of Representatives and Frelinghuysen was forced off the Armed Services Committee.
In January 1965, he was House Minority Leader Gerald Ford's choice for Minority Whip, but lost on a secret ballot of the Republican caucus by a vote of 70 to 59 to the incumbent Les Arends, who had held the post since 1943.
He married the former Beatrice Sterling Procter, in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, on September 7, 1940. She was a descendant of the founder of Procter & Gamble. Their children include Peter Frelinghuysen II, a lawyer, and Rodney P. Frelinghuysen, a former congressman.
- Frelinghuysen Sr., a Princeton graduate, was a classmate at Columbia Law School of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who served as an usher at his 1902 wedding to Adaline Havemeyer. Frelinghuysen Sr. devoted himself to cattle breeding in addition to banking.
- Howard Savings was founded as Howard Savings Institution in Newark in 1857. It was purchased by First Fidelity Bancorporation of Newark in 1992.
- "Peter Hood Ballantine Frelinghuysen". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2011-05-24.
- Joseph P. Fried (May 23, 2011). "Peter Frelinghuysen Jr., 95, Former Congressman, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Rae, John W. (1999). Mansions of Morris County. Arcadia. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-7385-0064-5.
- "H. Frelinghuysen, A Philanthropist, 78". New York Times. April 1, 1994. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "H. Frelinghuysen, A Philanthropist, 78". New York Times. April 1, 1994. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
- "Beatrice S. Procter Married to P.H.B. Frelinghuysen Jr" (PDF). New York Times. September 8, 1940. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Tuttle, Brad R. (2009). How Newark Became Newark: The Rise, Fall, and Rebirth of an American City. Rutgers University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0813544908.
- Quint, Michael (October 3, 1992). "Two Banks Shut and Sold, In Newark and New Haven". New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Walter H. Waggoner (October 6, 1970). "Frelinghuysen Favored Over Vigorous Democratic Foe in Jersey's Fifth District". New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
- Brown, Emma (May 24, 2011). "Peter H.B. Frelinghuysen Jr., former N.J. congressman, dies at 95". Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Dean, Clarence (January 14, 1960). "Plan for Airport Argued in New Jersey" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Honig, Milton (December 17, 1961). "Jetport Enemies Say They've Won" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Doig, Jameson W. (2001). Empire on the Hudson: Entrepreneurial Vision and Political Power at the Port of New York Authority. Columbia University Press. pp. 385–6.
- McGowan, William (July 11, 2012). "The Chickens and the Bulls". Slate.com. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Morris, John D. (January 15, 1965). "Arends Retained; Ford Rebuffed" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "Miss Beattie, Mr. Frelinghuysen". New York Times. July 17, 1994. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
- United States Congress. "Peter Frelinghuysen Jr. (id: F000371)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Peter Frelinghuysen Jr. at Find a Grave
- Peter H.B. Frelinghuysen Papers at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University
- A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Peter Freylinghuysen (SIC)" is available at the Internet Archive
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Charles Aubrey Eaton
| U.S. House of Representatives
5th District of New Jersey