Somerset County, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Somerset County
Somerset County courthouse in Somerville, the county seat
Somerset County courthouse in Somerville, the county seat
Flag of Somerset County
Official seal of Somerset County
Map of New Jersey highlighting Somerset County
Location within the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°34′N 74°37′W / 40.56°N 74.61°W / 40.56; -74.61Coordinates: 40°34′N 74°37′W / 40.56°N 74.61°W / 40.56; -74.61
Country United States
State New Jersey
FoundedMay 14, 1688[1]
Named forEnglish county of Somerset[2]
SeatSomerville[3]
Largest cityFranklin Township (population)
Hillsborough Township (area)
Government
 • Commissioner directorShanel Robinson (D, Franklin Township, 2022)
Area
 • Total304.86 sq mi (789.6 km2)
 • Land301.81 sq mi (781.7 km2)
 • Water3.04 sq mi (7.9 km2)  1.00%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total345,361
 • Density1,144.3/sq mi (441.8/km2)
Congressional districts7th, 12th
Websitewww.co.somerset.nj.us
Interactive map of Somerset County, New Jersey

Somerset County is a county located in the north-central part of the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States Census, the county's population was 345,361, an increase of 21,917 (6.8%) from the 323,444 counted at the 2010 U.S Census,[4] making it the 13th most populous of the state's 21 counties. Somerset County constitutes part of the New York Metropolitan Area. Its county seat is Somerville.[3] The most populous place in the county was Franklin Township, with 62,300 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Hillsborough Township, with 55.00 square miles (142.4 km2), covered the largest total area of any municipality.[5]

In 2015, Somerset County had a per capita personal income of $86,468, the second highest in New Jersey and ranked 25th of 3,113 counties in the United States.[6][7] Somerset County, as of the 2000 Census, was the seventh wealthiest county in the United States by median household income at $76,933 (third in New Jersey behind Hunterdon County at $79,888 and Morris County at $77,340), fourth in median family income at $90,655 (second in New Jersey behind Hunterdon County at $91,050) and ranked seventh by per capita income at $37,970 (highest in New Jersey).[8] The Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 11th-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States (and the highest in New Jersey) as of 2009.[9]

In 2012, 49.8 percent of Somerset County residents were college graduates, the highest percentage in the state.[10] Somerset County was recently ranked number 3 of 21 NJ counties as one of the healthiest counties in New Jersey, according to an annual report by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps.[11] Somerset County was created on May 14, 1688, from portions of Middlesex County.[1] The county is located in the Central Jersey region and encompasses much of the Raritan Valley.

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Somerset County is one of America's oldest counties, and is named after the English county of Somerset.

History[edit]

The area was first settled in 1681, in the vicinity of Bound Brook, and the county was established by charter on May 22, 1688. Most of the early residents were Dutch. General George Washington and his troops marched through the county on several occasions and slept in many of the homes located throughout the area. Somerset County also played an important part during both World War I and World War II with weapons depots and the manufacturing of the army's woolen blankets. For much of its history, Somerset County was primarily an agricultural county. In the late 19th century, the Somerset Hills area of Somerset County became a popular country home for wealthy industrialists. Into the 21st century, the area is still the home of wealthy businessmen.[12]

In 1917, Somerset County, in cooperation with Rutgers University, hired its first agricultural agent to connect local farmers with expert advice. The Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Somerset County, located in Bridgewater, serves residents in the areas of agriculture and natural resources, 4-H youth development and family and community health sciences.[13]

In the 1960s, townships that were once exclusively agricultural were quickly transformed into suburban communities. Examples include Bridgewater Township[14] and the Watchung Hills communities of Watchung, Green Brook and Warren Township.[15][16][17] This growth was aided by the development of the county's very strong pharmaceutical and technology presence. Warren Township used to be considered "the greenest place in New Jersey."[15] More recently, there has been an influx of New York City commuters who use NJ Transit's Raritan Valley Line and Gladstone Branch or use Interstate 78.

In 1996, Nicholas L. Bissell Jr., then county prosecutor, was charged with embezzlement, tax fraud, and abuse of power. He fled to Laughlin, Nevada, near Las Vegas, and took his own life when the federal authorities attempted to arrest him.[18]

Geography[edit]

Somerville, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.6
 
 
38
18
 
 
2.8
 
 
41
20
 
 
3.9
 
 
50
27
 
 
4.1
 
 
61
36
 
 
4.3
 
 
72
46
 
 
4.4
 
 
80
56
 
 
4.8
 
 
85
61
 
 
4
 
 
83
60
 
 
4.3
 
 
76
52
 
 
4.2
 
 
64
40
 
 
3.6
 
 
54
31
 
 
3.8
 
 
42
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[19]
Metric conversion
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
91
 
 
3
−8
 
 
72
 
 
5
−7
 
 
100
 
 
10
−3
 
 
104
 
 
16
2
 
 
110
 
 
22
8
 
 
110
 
 
27
13
 
 
123
 
 
29
16
 
 
101
 
 
28
16
 
 
108
 
 
24
11
 
 
107
 
 
18
4
 
 
91
 
 
12
−1
 
 
98
 
 
6
−5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 304.86 square miles (789.6 km2), including 301.81 square miles (781.7 km2) of land (99.0%) and 3.04 square miles (7.9 km2) of water (1.0%).[5][20]

The high point is on Mine Mountain in Bernardsville, at approximately 860 feet (260 m) above sea level.[21] The lowest point is just above sea level on the Raritan River at the Middlesex County line.

Climate and weather[edit]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Somerville have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −16 °F (−27 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in August 1955. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.84 inches (72 mm) in February to 4.83 inches (123 mm) in July.[19] The county has a humid continental climate which is hot-summer (Dfa) except on Mine Mountain west of Bernardsville where it is warm-summer (Dfb).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
179012,296
180012,8154.2%
181014,72514.9%
182016,50612.1%
183017,6897.2%
184017,455*−1.3%
185019,69212.8%
186022,05712.0%
187023,5106.6%
188027,16215.5%
189028,3114.2%
190032,94816.4%
191038,82017.8%
192047,99123.6%
193065,13235.7%
194074,39014.2%
195099,05233.2%
1960143,91345.3%
1970198,37237.8%
1980203,1292.4%
1990240,27918.3%
2000297,49023.8%
2010323,4448.7%
2020345,3616.8%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[22]
1970-2010[5] 2010[23] 2020[4]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

2020 Census[edit]

As of the Census of 2020, the county's had 345,361 people, 122,606 households, and 88,540 families.[24] The population density was 1,144.3 inhabitants per square mile (441.8/km2). There were 131,822 housing units at an average density of 436.77 per square mile (168.6/km2).[25] The racial makeup was 61.0% White, 10.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 18.5% Asian, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.2% of the population.[26]

Of the 122,606 households, of which 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present and 27.8% were non-families, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.16.

About 21.5% of the population was under age 18, 8.4% was from age 18 to 24, 36.3% was from age 15 to 44, and 16.2% was age 65 or older. The median age was 42.2 years. The gender makeup was 49.2% male and 50.8% female. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males.[27]

The median household income was $111,587, and the median family income was $135,129. About 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.[28][29]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 323,444 people, 117,759 households, and 84,669 families in the county. The population density was 1,071.7 per square mile (413.8/km2). There were 123,127 housing units at an average density of 408 per square mile (158/km2). The racial makeup was 70.06% (226,608) White, 8.95% (28,943) Black or African American, 0.17% (556) Native American, 14.11% (45,650) Asian, 0.03% (94) Pacific Islander, 4.13% (13,360) from other races, and 2.55% (8,233) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.01% (42,091) of the population.[23]

Of the 117,759 households, 35.9% had children under the age of 18; 58.8% were married couples living together; 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 28.1% were non-families. Of all households, 23.3% were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.22.[23]

25% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, the population had 95.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.8 males.[23]

Parks and recreation[edit]

A walking trail in Basking Ridge

Somerset County parks are under the administration of the Somerset County Parks Commission.[30] General parks are Natirar, Duke Island Park, Lord Stirling Park (part of the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge), Colonial Park, North Branch Park, Skillman Park, East County Park and a park in development called Raritan River Greenway. Leonard J. Buck Garden is a botanical garden of the county. In addition, the Commission manages natural parks such as the Washington Valley Park (with biking and hiking trails) and the Sourland Mountain Preserve (hiking and mountain biking trails).[30]

The Sourland Mountain Preserve in Hillsborough

The southeastern portion of Somerset County in Franklin Township also includes the Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park, which provides hiking, biking and boating.[31]

The Parks Commission operates five public golf courses.[30] Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, an exclusive golf club owned by Donald Trump,[32] that he used as a Summer White House during his presidency.[33]

The Somerset Patriots are a professional baseball team that plays at the 6,100-seat TD Bank Ballpark, located on the border of Bridgewater and Bound Brook. They played in the independent Atlantic League of Professional Baseball until they became the Double-A affiliate of the New York Yankees in 2021.[34]

Government[edit]

County Government[edit]

Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of County Commissioners, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held on the first Friday of January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members.[35] In 2016, commissioners (then known as freeholders) were paid $21,902 and the commissioner director was paid an annual salary of $22,902.[36] The Commissioners employ a full-time County Administrator who manages the day-to-day operations of the county government. The County Administrator is Colleen Mahr.[37] The Clerk of the County Commissioners oversees the work of their offices. Department heads are appointed in accordance with statute and by resolution of the board. Somerset County currently has approximately 1,100 full-time and 130 part-time employees in 52 divisions (including the Library System).[38]

As of 2022, Somerset County's County Commissioners are (with terms for director and deputy director ending every December 31st):[39][40][41][42][43][44]

Commissioner Party, Residence, Term
Director Shanel Robinson D, Franklin Township, 2024[45]
Deputy Director Melonie Marano D, Green Brook Township, 2022[46]
Paul Drake D, Hillsborough Township, 2023[47]
Douglas Singleterry D, North Plainfield, 2023[48]
Sara Sooy D, Basking Ridge in Bernards Township, 2024[49]

Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term).[50] Constitutional officers, elected on a countywide basis are:[41]

Title Representative
County Clerk Steve Peter (D, Somerville, 2022)[51][52]
Sheriff Darrin Russo (D, Franklin Township, 2022)[53][54]
Surrogate Bernice "Tina" Jalloh (D, Franklin Township, 2025)[55][56]

The Somerset County Prosecutor is Michael H. Robertson of the Basking Ridge section of Bernards Township, who was nominated by the Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie in September 2016.[57][58] Somerset County is a part of Vicinage 13 of the New Jersey Superior Court (along with Hunterdon County and Warren County), which is seated at the Somerset County Courthouse in Somerville; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 15 is Thomas C. Miller.[59]

Federal representatives[edit]

The 7th and 12th Congressional Districts cover the county.[60][61] For the 117th United States Congress. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Tom Malinowski (D, Rocky Hill).[62] For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township).[63][64]

State representatives[edit]

The 21 municipalities of Somerset County are represented by six legislative districts.[65]

District Senator[66] Assembly[66] Municipalities
16th Andrew Zwicker (D) Sadaf F. Jaffer (D)

Roy Freiman (D)

Branchburg (14,657), Hillsborough (39,702), Manville (10,230), Millstone Borough (498), Montgomery (23,269), Rocky Hill (636) and Somerville (12,085). The remainder of this district covers portions of Hunterdon County, Mercer County and Middlesex County.
17th Bob Smith (D) Joseph V. Egan (D)

Joseph Danielsen(D)

Franklin Township (65,300). The remainder of this district covers portions of Middlesex County.
21st Jon Bramnick (R) Michele Matsikoudis (R)

Nancy Munoz (R)

Bernards Township (27,605), Far Hills (860), Warren Township (15,745) and Watchung. The remainder of this district covers portions of Morris County and Union County.
22nd Nicholas Scutari (D) James J. Kennedy (D)

Linda S. Carter (D)

Green Brook (7,090) and North Plainfield (21,501). The remainder of this district covers portions of Middlesex County and Union County.
23rd Michael J. Doherty (R) John DiMaio (R)

Erik Peterson (R)

Bedminster (8,067), Bound Brook (10,288), Bridgewater (44,646), Peapack-Gladstone (2,575), Raritan Borough (7,865) and South Bound Brook (4,534). The remainder of this district covers Huntderton County and Warren County.
25th Tony Bucco (R) Brian Bergen (R)

Aura K. Dunn (R)

Bernardsville (7,678). The remainder of this district covers portions of Morris County.

Politics[edit]

As of October 1, 2021, there were a total of 262,410 registered voters in Somerset County, of whom 92,921 (35.4%) were registered as Democrats, 66,455 (25.3%) were registered as Republicans and 100,367 (38.2%) were registered as unaffiliated. There were 2,667 voters (1.0%) registered to other parties.[67] Among the county's 2010 Census population, 67.1% were registered to vote, including 75.% of those ages 18 and over.[68][69]

In the 2008, Barack Obama became the first Democratic presidential nominee to carry the county since Lyndon Johnson in 1964, and only the second since 1936. Obama won Somerset by a 6.1% margin over John McCain, with Obama carrying the state by 15.5% over McCain.[70] Somerset's growing Democratic trend at the presidential level has largely been spurred by the rapid growth of the overwhelmingly Democratic Franklin Township in the county's southeast corner. In the 2012 presidential election, the county was carried by Barack Obama, winning 52.8% of the vote to Mitt Romney's 47.2%, a 5.6% gap that represented a 0.3% drop off for Obama from his 2008 margin of victory in the county.[71][72] In 2016, the county voted as Democratic as the state, and in 2020, Joe Biden won the largest share of the vote in the county for a Democrat since 1964, as the county voted more Democratic than the state as a whole for the first time since 1912.

United States presidential election results for Somerset County, New Jersey[73]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 71,996 38.52% 111,173 59.49% 3,722 1.99%
2016 65,505 41.70% 85,689 54.55% 5,898 3.75%
2012 66,603 46.52% 74,592 52.10% 1,985 1.39%
2008 70,085 46.28% 79,321 52.38% 2,024 1.34%
2004 72,508 51.69% 66,476 47.39% 1,295 0.92%
2000 59,725 49.61% 56,232 46.71% 4,420 3.67%
1996 51,869 45.93% 50,673 44.87% 10,387 9.20%
1992 56,044 46.39% 42,867 35.48% 21,902 18.13%
1988 67,658 63.71% 37,406 35.22% 1,129 1.06%
1984 66,303 66.77% 31,924 32.15% 1,069 1.08%
1980 52,591 57.21% 29,470 32.06% 9,867 10.73%
1976 51,260 57.15% 36,258 40.43% 2,173 2.42%
1972 56,524 66.03% 26,537 31.00% 2,544 2.97%
1968 42,459 54.11% 27,580 35.14% 8,436 10.75%
1964 28,416 39.32% 43,659 60.41% 195 0.27%
1960 36,200 55.81% 28,489 43.92% 174 0.27%
1956 37,930 71.85% 14,529 27.52% 330 0.63%
1952 31,239 63.34% 18,007 36.51% 74 0.15%
1948 22,034 59.77% 14,104 38.26% 724 1.96%
1944 20,266 58.29% 14,467 41.61% 37 0.11%
1940 20,169 54.87% 16,490 44.86% 96 0.26%
1936 15,806 49.57% 15,987 50.14% 94 0.29%
1932 15,317 54.18% 12,345 43.66% 611 2.16%
1928 16,386 66.66% 8,120 33.03% 74 0.30%
1924 12,986 71.12% 4,143 22.69% 1,131 6.19%
1920 10,962 71.02% 4,192 27.16% 281 1.82%
1916 4,707 55.70% 3,653 43.23% 91 1.08%
1912 2,068 27.94% 3,146 42.50% 2,188 29.56%
1908 5,045 59.46% 3,269 38.53% 170 2.00%
1904 4,633 57.57% 3,195 39.70% 219 2.72%
1900 4,437 56.32% 3,184 40.42% 257 3.26%
1896 4,388 60.18% 2,608 35.77% 295 4.05%

In the 2009 Gubernatorial Election, Republican Chris Christie received 56% of the vote, defeating Democrat Jon Corzine, who received around 34%. In the 2013 Gubernatorial Election, Republican Governor Chris Christie received 67.6% (58,981 votes) to Democrat Barbara Buono's 30.8% (26,913 votes). In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Republican Kim Guadagno received 47.9% of the vote (44,231 ballots cast) to Democrat Phil Murphy with 49.8% (45,935 votes), marking the first Democratic win in the county since 1989.[74] In the 2021 gubernatorial election, Republican Jack Ciattarelli received 47.7% of the vote (54,264 ballots cast) to Democrat Phil Murphy's 51.5% (58,585 votes), this made Somerset, along with neighboring Hunterdon, the only county to shift to the left in this election, despite Ciattarelli representing the county in the state Senate.

Education[edit]

School districts[edit]

School districts include:[75][76][77][78]

K-12
Secondary
Elementary

Colleges and universities[edit]

Somerset County is home to two colleges:

Alma White College (which operated from 1921 to 1978) was a private college located in Zarephath.[82] Beginning in 1931 the college operated WAWZ 1380 on the AM radio dial. The station continued to 1984 after the school closed. The building is now occupied by Somerset Christian College.

Somerset Hills Learning Institute, founded in 1998 and now located in Bedminster Township, is a state-of-the-art program dedicated to educating children on the autism spectrum by utilizing the principles of applied behavior analysis.[83]

Economy[edit]

Taxation[edit]

Based on IRS data for the 2004 tax year, Somerset County taxpayers had the ninth-highest average federal income tax liability per return in the country. Average tax liability was $16,502, representing 16.8% of adjusted gross income.[84]

Municipalities[edit]

Index map of Somerset County municipalities (click to see index key)
Interactive map of municipalities in Somerset County.

The 21 municipalities in Somerset County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units, and area) are listed below.[85] Other unincorporated communities in the county are listed alongside their parent municipality (or municipalities, as the case may be). These areas include census-designated places (CDPs), which the United States Census Bureau created for enumeration purposes within a Township.[5] Other communities, historical areas, unincorporated areas, and enclaves that exist within a municipality are also listed.

Municipality
(with map key)
Map key Mun.
type
Pop. Housing
Units
Total
Area
Water
Area
Land
Area
Pop.
Density
Housing
Density
School
District
Communities[86]
Bedminster Township 21 township 8,067 4,349 26.30 0.22 26.08 313.1 166.8 Somerset Hills (9-12) (S/R)
Bedminster Township (PK-8)
Lamington
Pluckemin
Pottersville
Bernards Township 20 township 26,652 10,103 24.06 0.13 23.93 1,113.6 422.1 Bernards Township Basking Ridge
Liberty Corner
Lyons
Bernardsville 1 borough 7,707 2,871 12.98 0.08 12.91 597.2 222.5 Somerset Hills
Bound Brook 6 borough 10,402 3,816 1.69 0.04 1.66 6,269.6 2,300.0 Bound Brook
Branchburg Township 16 township 14,459 5,419 20.28 0.24 20.04 721.4 270.4 Somerville (9-12) (S/R)
Branchburg (PK-8)
Neshanic Station
North Branch
Bridgewater Township 17 township 44,464 16,657 32.51 0.47 32.04 1,387.9 519.9 Bridgewater-Raritan Bradley Gardens CDP (14,206)
Finderne CDP (5,600)
Green Knoll CDP (6,200)
Martinsville CDP (11,980)
Far Hills 3 borough 919 418 4.88 0.08 4.80 191.6 87.1 Somerset Hills
Franklin Township 14 township 62,300 24,426 46.85 0.70 46.15 1,350.0 529.3 Franklin Township Blackwells Mills CDP (803)
Clyde CDP (213)
East Franklin CDP (8,669)
East Millstone CDP (579)
East Rocky Hill CDP (469)
Franklin Center CDP (4,460)
Franklin Park CDP (13,295)
Griggstown CDP (819)
Kingston CDP (part; 271)
Middlebush CDP (2,326)
Pleasant Plains CDP (922)
Rockingham
Six Mile Run CDP (3,184)
Somerset CDP (22,083)
Ten Mile Run CDP (1,959)
Voorhees CDP (976)
Weston CDP (1,235)
Zarephath CDP (37)
Green Brook Township 19 township 7,203 2,448 4.48 0.01 4.47 1,610.5 547.3 Watchung Hills (9-12)
Green Brook (PK-8)
Hillsborough Township 15 township 38,303 14,030 55.00 0.47 54.54 702.3 257.3 Hillsborough Amwell
Cloverhill
Flagtown
Neshanic
South Branch
Zion
Manville 8 borough 10,344 4,277 2.45 0.09 2.36 4,382.0 1,811.9 Manville
Millstone 11 borough 418 167 0.76 0.02 0.74 566.5 226.3 Hillsborough (S/R)
Montgomery Township 13 township 22,254 7,902 32.48 0.17 32.31 688.8 244.6 Montgomery Amwell
Belle Mead CDP (216)
Blawenburg CDP (280)
Dutchtown
Harlingen CDP (297)
Skillman CDP (242)
Stoutsburg
Zion
North Plainfield 5 borough 21,936 7,848 2.81 0.01 2.79 7,850.0 2,808.5 North Plainfield
Peapack-Gladstone 2 borough 2,582 949 5.85 0.04 5.81 444.5 163.4 Somerset Hills Gladstone
Raritan 10 borough 6,881 2,847 2.04 0.04 1.99 3,452.2 1,428.3 Bridgewater-Raritan
Rocky Hill 12 borough 682 292 0.62 0.00 0.62 1,101.4 471.6 Montgomery (S/R)
Somerville 9 borough 12,098 4,951 2.36 0.03 2.33 5,189.5 2,123.8 Somerville
South Bound Brook 7 borough 4,563 1,865 0.75 0.10 0.66 6,933.8 2,834.0 Bound Brook (9-12) (S/R)
South Bound Brook (PK-8)
Warren Township 18 township 15,311 5,258 19.64 0.08 19.57 782.5 268.7 Watchung Hills (9-12)
Warren Township (PK-8)
Watchung 4 borough 5,801 2,234 6.05 0.03 6.03 962.7 370.7 Watchung Hills (9-12)
Watchung (PK-8)
Somerset County county 323,444 123,127 304.86 3.04 301.81 1,071.7 408.0

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

Somerset County is served by a number of different routes. As of May 2010, the county had a total of 1,714.99 miles (2,760.01 km) of roadways, of which 1,370.80 miles (2,206.09 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 234.23 miles (376.96 km) by Somerset County and 109.96 miles (176.96 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[87]

Major county roads that pass through include County Route 512, County Route 514, County Route 518, County Route 523, County Route 525, County Route 527, County Route 529, County Route 531 and County Route 533.

The only two state routes that traverse through the county are Route 27 (only in Franklin) and Route 28.

U.S. Routes include U.S. Route 22, U.S. Route 202 and U.S. Route 206.

The two Interstates that pass through Somerset County are Interstate 78 and Interstate 287.

Interstate 95 was planned to run along the Somerset Freeway from its proposed southern end in Hopewell Township, Mercer County to Franklin Township at I-287 in the 1960s. However, this plan was cancelled in 1983.

Route 18 runs at the New Brunswick border of Somerset.

Public transportation[edit]

Bernardsville station

NJ Transit provides train service on the Gladstone Branch and the Raritan Valley Line.[88][89] Public bus transportation is provided by several transit agencies.[90]

NJ Transit provides bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, as well as service to major cities in New Jersey and within Somerset County.[91] Ridewise provides three SCOOT shuttles[92] as well as DASH buses and CAT buses.[93][94]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 221. Accessed October 30, 2012.
  2. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed October 29, 2017.
  3. ^ a b New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Somerset County, New Jersey". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed August 29, 2016.
  6. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes available for 3113 counties in the United States: 2015 Archived October 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  7. ^ Local Area Personal Income: 2015 Archived October 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 Data Rankings; A data rankings document focused on the Roanoke Valley and Alleghany Highlands region" Archived October 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Roanoke Valley-Alleghany Regional Commission, p. 22. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  9. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3113 Counties in the United States, 2009 Archived December 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  10. ^ 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book Available for Order Archived October 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Rutgers University. Accessed May 13, 2015.
  11. ^ "Rankings". County Health Rankings & Roadmaps. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  12. ^ Clemence, Sara. "Home of the Week: Peapack Palace", Forbes, March 14, 2005. Accessed May 22, 2008. "It was once the country home of some of the 19th century's wealthiest families, and modern-day residents now include pharmaceuticals and chemicals barons."
  13. ^ Home Page, Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Somerset County. Accessed January 11, 2017.
  14. ^ The History of Bridgewater Township, Bridgewater Township, New Jersey. Accessed March 24, 2018. "In the early years, Bridgewater was known as a farming town."
  15. ^ a b Sordillo, Victor J. About Warren Township, Warren Township. Accessed October 1, 2013. "Once described as 'the greenest place in New Jersey', Warren Township residents and elected officials are working to keep its rural character and charm while recognizing that there will be growth due to the town's beauty, favorable property taxes and strategic location. Less than 35 miles to Manhattan makes Warren Township a favorite suburb for commuters to New York City."
  16. ^ Overview Archived October 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Green Brook Historical Society. Accessed October 1, 2013. "As the traffic through the corridor expanded, Green Brook Township developed from a quiet farming community, which it had been for nearly two hundred years, into the suburban community that it is today."
  17. ^ History, Borough of Watchung. Accessed October 1, 2013. "Watchung was settled in the early eighteenth century and grew slowly until recent years. In 1960 the population was 3,312 and in 2000 it was 5,613."
  18. ^ Glaberson, William. "In Prosecutor's Rise and Fall, a Story of Ambition, Deceit and Shame. ", The New York Times, December 1, 1996. Accessed August 30, 2014. "When Nicholas L. Bissell Jr. put a gun in his mouth and pulled the trigger in a $20 room on a neon strip here, it was almost the cliche ending to an ambitious man's rise and fall. An unexceptional child of New Jersey's modest suburbs, he rose to become a feared prosecutor in Somerset County known for his swaggering assault on drug dealers."
  19. ^ a b Monthly Averages for Somerville, New Jersey, The Weather Channel. Accessed October 13, 2012.
  20. ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 13, 2015.
  21. ^ New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  22. ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  23. ^ a b c d DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 25, 2016.
  24. ^ "HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES (S1101)| Somerset County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. ^ "Somerset County | Census Data". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES (DP05) | Somerset County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. ^ "AGE AND SEX (S0101) | Somerset County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ "INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (S1901) | Somerset County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. ^ "POVERTY STATUS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (S1701) | Somerset County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  30. ^ a b c Somerset County Parks Commission
  31. ^ Delaware & Raritan Canal State Park, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  32. ^ Welcome, Trump National Golf Club. Accessed October 6, 2013. "Greetings from Donald J. Trump: When I saw this beautiful piece of property in Bedminster, New Jersey, I knew that it deserved only the best."
  33. ^ Niquette, Mark; and Abelson, Max. "Trump Discussing Moving to New Jersey Golf Club for Summer", Bloomberg News, April 23, 2021. Accessed January 31, 2022.
  34. ^ About TD Bank Ballpark, Somerset Patriots. Accessed October 23, 2017.
  35. ^ Elected Officials, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  36. ^ Gallo Jr., Bill. "Which N.J. county freeholders are paid the most?", NJ.com, March 11, 2016. Accessed October 25, 2017. "Freeholder director: $22,902; Other freeholders: $21,902"
  37. ^ Administrator's Office, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 30, 2021.
  38. ^ The Role of County Government Archived March 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Somerset County. Accessed February 19, 2014.
  39. ^ Board of County Commissioners, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  40. ^ 2021 County Data Sheet, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  41. ^ a b 2021 Directory of County & Municipal Offices, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  42. ^ 2021 General Election Winning Candidates, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 1, 2022.
  43. ^ Somerset County General Election November 3, 2020 Final Certified Results, Somerset County, New Jersey, dated December 3, 2020. Accessed January 19, 2021.
  44. ^ General Election November 5, 2019 Final Results, Somerset County, New Jersey, updated November 15, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
  45. ^ Commissioner Director Shanel Y. Robinson, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  46. ^ Commissioner Deputy Director Melonie Marano, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  47. ^ Commissioner Paul M. Drake, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  48. ^ Commissioner Douglas Singleterry, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  49. ^ Commissioner Sara Sooy, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  50. ^ New Jersey State Constitution (1947), Article VII, Section II, Paragraph 2, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed October 26, 2017.
  51. ^ County Clerk Steve Peter, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  52. ^ Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  53. ^ Sheriff Darrin J. Russo, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  54. ^ Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  55. ^ Somerset County Surrogate, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed January 30, 2021.
  56. ^ Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 17, 2022.
  57. ^ Somerset County Prosecutor's Office, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  58. ^ Governor Chris Christie Files Nominations Archived October 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie, press release dated September 8, 2016. Accessed October 24, 2017. "Somerset County Prosecutor - Nominate for appointment Michael H. Robertson (Basking Ridge, Somerset)"
  59. ^ Somerset / Hunterdon / Warren Vicinage, New Jersey Courts. Accessed October 23, 2017.
  60. ^ 2012 Congressional Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed January 23, 2013.
  61. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 23, 2013.
  62. ^ "Congressman Malinowski Fights For The Corporate Transparency Act", Tom Malinowski, press release dated October 23, 2019. Accessed January 19, 2022. "My name, Tom Malinowski. My address, 86 Washington Street, Rocky Hill, NJ 08553."
  63. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  64. ^ Biography, Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Watson Coleman and her husband William reside in Ewing Township and are blessed to have three sons; William, Troy, and Jared and three grandchildren; William, Kamryn and Ashanee."
  65. ^ "Municipalities | Somerset County". www.co.somerset.nj.us. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
  66. ^ a b "New Jersey Legislature - Legislative Roster". www.njleg.state.nj.us. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
  67. ^ Statewide Voter Registration Summary as of October 1, 2021, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 28, 2022.
  68. ^ Statewide Voter Registration Summary Archived December 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, as of October 31, 2014. Accessed May 11, 2015.
  69. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County / County Equivalent from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 11, 2015.
  70. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  71. ^ Toscano, Paul. "Obama Wins 8 of the Nation's 10 Wealthiest Counties ", CNBC, November 7, 2012. Accessed December 10, 2012.
  72. ^ Official List Candidates for President For GENERAL ELECTION 11/06/2012 Election Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State, December 6, 2012. Accessed December 10, 2012.
  73. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  74. ^ "Official 2017 Morris County Election Results" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)[permanent dead link]
  75. ^ New Jersey School Directory for Somerset County, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 1, 2022.
  76. ^ Search for Public School Districts in Somerset County, New Jersey, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 1, 2022.
  77. ^ 2020 Census School District Reference Map for Somerset County, NJ, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 16, 2022.
  78. ^ 2020 Census School District Reference List for Somerset County, NJ, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 16, 2022.
  79. ^ RVCC: History, Mission, Diversity Statement & Core Values, Raritan Valley Community College. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  80. ^ Rutgers Off Campus - Raritan Valley, Rutgers University. Accessed October 28, 2013.
  81. ^ About Pillar College Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Pillar College. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  82. ^ Closed & Renamed New Jersey Colleges & Universities, New Jersey Department of State Office of the Secretary of Higher Education. Accessed October 30, 2017.
  83. ^ History, Somerset Hills Learning Institute. Accessed October 29, 2017.
  84. ^ Biggest Income Tax Burdens: Top 10 Places Archived December 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, CNN Money. Accessed April 28, 2007.
  85. ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 14, 2015.
  86. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 11, 2015.
  87. ^ Somerset County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  88. ^ Gladstone Branch Raritan Valley Line Archived April 17, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  89. ^ Raritan Valley Line Archived October 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  90. ^ Transportation Services Archived August 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Somerset County, New Jersey. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  91. ^ Somerset County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  92. ^ Scoot, Ridewise. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  93. ^ DASH, Ridewise. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  94. ^ CAT, Ridewise. Accessed January 19, 2015.

External links[edit]