Petr Bezobrazov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Petr Alekseyevich Bezobrazov
Bezobrazov Petr.jpg
Born (1845-01-29)January 29, 1845
Died July 17, 1906(1906-07-17) (aged 61)
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch  Imperial Russian Navy
Years of service 1866-1906
Rank Vice Admiral
Commands held Baltic Fleet
Battles/wars Russo-Japanese War

Petr Alekseyevich Bezobrazov (Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич Безобра́зов) (29 January 1845 – 17 July 1906) was an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy.

Early career[edit]

Bezobrazov began his naval service as a midshipman on the frigate Dmitry Donskoy from 1864 to 1866. He was promoted to warrant officer in 1866, to lieutenant in 1870 and to lieutenant-commander in 1880. He became executive officer of the frigate Sventlana in 1883. He became captain 2nd rank in 1885 after commanding a number of gunboats, and to captain, 1st rank in 1890. From 1893 to 1897, he was captain of the armored cruiser General-Admiral, which visited ports in the eastern United States as part of the celebration of the 1893 Chicago World Exposition. He was then appointed captain of the battleship Navarin.[1]

Bezobrazov was promoted to rear admiral in 1897, and served as chief of staff of the naval base at Kronstadt in 1898, and deputy commander of the Baltic Fleet from 1898 to 1901. He was made deputy commander of the Black Sea Fleet from 1901 to 1903, and promoted to vice admiral on 1 January 1904.[1]

Russo-Japanese War[edit]

After the start of the Russo-Japanese War and the death of Vice Admiral Stepan Makarov, Bezobravov was appointed commander of the First Pacific Squadron on 8 May 1904. He arrived at Vladivostok on 12 June 1904 via the Trans-Siberian Railroad, but was unable to reach the squadron at Port Arthur due to the Japanese blockade. He assumed command of the Independent Cruiser Squadron based at Vladivostok, consisting of the armored cruisers Rossia, Rurik, and Gromoboi and led the squadron on a successful attack (the "Hitachi Maru Incident") on 15 June 1904 on Japanese shipping in the Korea Strait.[1] For this mission, he was awarded the Order of St Vladimir, 2nd class with swords.

On 27 September 1904, Bezobravov was promoted to command the Baltic Fleet and to the post of acting Chief of the Naval Staff in place of Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky (a position which he held to July 1906), and returned to St Petersburg. He died in St Petersburg and his grave was at the Novodevichy Cemetery.




  1. ^ a b c Kowner, Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War, p. 69.