Petras Būtėnas

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Petras Būtėnas
Petras Būtėnas in 1922, as a student at the University of Lithuania
Born27 June 1896
Died4 October 1980
Burial placeToronto, Canada.
Reburried in Panevėžys in 1996.
Academic background
Alma materVytautas Magnus University

Petras Būtėnas (27 June 1896 – 4 October 1980) was a Lithuanian linguist and public figure.[1] His work was very important in the research of Lithuanian culture.[2]

Early life[edit]

He had a younger brother Julijonas Būtėnas [lt].[1]


From 1919 to 1923, he was a volunteer soldier of the Lithuanian Army.[1] Since 1920, he studied at the Higher Courses [lt] and since 1922 in the University of Lithuania.[1] In 1930, Būtėnas graduated from Vytautas Magnus University.[1] He was a student of Kazimieras Būga, Jonas Jablonskis and Juozas Balčikonis.[1] From 1925 to 1944, Būtėnas worked as a teacher in Panevėžys.[1] He taught in the town's teachers' seminary until 1936.[1] Since 1939, he was a member of the Lithuanian Catholic Academy of Science.[1]

World War II[edit]

The Soviet authorities imprisoned Būtėnas from July 1940 to January 1941 in the Panevėžys Prison.[1] Together with others, he published the weekly Išlaisvintasis panevėžietis ('The liberated Panevėžian') in 1941.[1]

During 1941–1944, he was the director of Panevėžys Boys' Gymnasium.[1] He left for Germany in 1944.[1]

In emigration[edit]

He organized courses for Lithuanian teachers and lead those courses in 1945–1948.[1] In 1946, he prepared a summary for the Lithuanian language teachers' courses and gymnasium.[1] From 1945 to 1948, he edited the newspaper Lietuvių informacija ('Lithuanian information'), and in 1946–1948, the magazine Žingsniai ('Steps').[1] Būtėnas moved to the US in 1949.[1] He worked in the newspaper Keleivis ('Passenger') and in the editorial office of the Lithuanian Encyclopedia.[1]

Academic work[edit]

Būtėnas researched Lithuanian dialects [lt], accentuation, and ancient ethnically Lithuanian territories.[1] He contributed to the preparation of Lietuvių kalbos žodyno (Lithuanian Dictionary), to which he contributed more than 8,000 words.[1] He collected folklore and prepared Lietuvių tautotyros žinių ir senienų rinkimo programą (Lithuanian Ethnography Knowledge and Antiquities Collection Program) in 1925.[1] Būtėnas collected material for research on old Lithuanian toponymy.[1]



  • Kirčio ir priegaidės žinios (1926)
  • Trumpas linksnių mokslas praktiškam lietuvių kalbos reikalui (1929)
  • Lietuvių kalbos prielinksnių mokslas teorijai ir praktikai (1930)
  • Priežodžio ir patarlės gyvenimas (1930)
  • Lietuvių kalbos akcentologijos vadovėlis mokyklai ir gyvenimui (1931)
  • Augštaičių tarmės akuojančios pašneklės sienos (1932)



  • Būtėnas, Petras (September 1956). "Vytauto Didžiojo vasaros pilis" [The Summer Castle of Vytautas the Great] (PDF). Karys (in Lithuanian). 8 (1324): 259–261.
  • Būtėnas, Petras (October 1956). "Vytauto Didžiojo vasaros pilis" [The Summer Castle of Vytautas the Great] (PDF). Karys (in Lithuanian). 9 (1325): 306–308.













  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Zinkevičius 2003, p. 667.
  2. ^ Lapinskienė 2003, p. 52.