Phidippus otiosus

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Canopy Jumper
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Dendryphantinae
Genus: Phidippus
Species: P. otiosus
Binomial name
Phidippus otiosus
(Hentz, 1846)

Attus pulcher
Attus peregrinus
Attus otiosus
Phidippus carolinus
Dendryphantes carolinus
Dendryphantes otiosus
Phidippus dorsalis
Phidippus pulcher

Phidippus otiosus is a species of jumping spider that is found in southeastern North America. It is primarily a tree-living species.[1] Females reach a body length of about 16 mm. Its iridescent fangs can range in color from purple to green.

Life cycle[edit]

Females position their single egg sac under the bark of oak and pine trees.[2] These are laid from December to February in South Carolina, and from January to June in Florida. The spiderlings mature during fall.


P. otiosus is grouped with the closely related species P. californicus, P. pius and P. regius in the otiosus group.[3]


P. otiosus naturally occurs in the southeastern United States from Florida and Texas to North Carolina.[4] However, this species is sometimes exported with plants such as Tillandsia, with occasional finds in countries as remote as Sweden[5] and Germany.


The species name is possibly derived from Latin otium "leisure, peace, quiet" + the suffix -osus "full of, prone to", or from Ancient Greek oto- "ear", referring to the tufts of black hair.

A common name for this species is Canopy Jumping Spider.



  • Roach, Stephen H. (1988): Reproductive Periods of Phidippus Species (Araneae, Salticidae) in South Carolina. Journal of Arachnology 16(1): 95-101. PDF
  • Edwards, G.B. (2004): Revision of the jumping spiders of the genus Phidippus (Araneae: Salticidae). Occasional Papers of the Florida State Collection of Arthropoda.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2008): The world spider catalog, version 8.5. American Museum of Natural History.

Further reading[edit]

  • Edwards, G.B. (1980): Taxonomy, ethology, and ecology of Phidippus (Araneae: Salticidae) in eastern North America. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville.
  • (1996): Metabolic rates of resting salticid and thomisid spiders. Journal of Arachnology 24(2): 129-134. PDF

External links[edit]