Philip Balfour

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Sir Philip Balfour
Born 1898
Died 1977 (aged 78 or 79)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held 53rd Division
2nd Division
Northern Command
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Military Cross

Lieutenant General Sir Philip Maxwell Balfour KBE CB MC and bar (1898–1977) was a British Army General who achieved high office in the 1950s.

Military career[edit]

Philip Balfour was commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1915[1] He served in World War I being deployed to France and Belgium.[1] He also served in World War II and was awarded the CBE for 'gallant and distinguished services in Normandy' as a temporary brigadier.[2]

After the War he joined the Control Commission in Germany in 1945 and then became Director of Civil Affairs for the Military Government, British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) in 1946.[1] He was appointed General Officer Commanding 53rd Division later in 1946 and then GOC 2nd Division in 1947.[1] Finally he became General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Northern Command in 1949; in that role he was critical of the standard of shooting in the British Army.[3] He retired in 1953.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36720. p. 4473. 26 September 1944. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  3. ^ Shooting Standard Hansard, 3 February 1953
Military offices
Preceded by
Robert Arkwright
General Officer Commanding the 2nd Division
Succeeded by
Colin Callander
Preceded by
Sir Montagu Stopford
GOC-in-C Northern Command
Succeeded by
Sir Geoffrey Evans