Philip Gemayel

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Philip Gemayel
فيليبس الجميّل
Patriarch of Antioch
Church Maronite Church
See Patriarch of Antioch
Elected June 14, 1795
Term ended April 12, 1796
Predecessor Michael Fadel
Successor Joseph Tyan
Orders
Consecration (Bishop) December 1767
by Joseph Estephan
Personal details
Born 1740
Bikfaya, Lebanon
Died 12 April 1796 (aged 55–56)
Bkerké, Lebanon

Philip Gemayel[1] (born in 1740 in Bikfaya, Lebanon – died on April 12, 1796 in Bkerké, Lebanon) (or Filibus Al-Jumayyil, Philibos Gemaiel, Arabic: فيليبس الجميّل‎‎) was the 65th Maronite Patriarch of Antioch for a few months in 1795-1796.

Life[edit]

Philip Gemayel was born in Bikfaya, Lebanon about 1740.[2] He was consecrated coadjutor bishop, titular of Listra, on December 1767 by Patriarch Joseph Estephan[3] for the Maronite diocese of Cyprus ruled by his old uncle Elias Gemayel, to whom he succeeded as bishop in 1786. He, as his predecessors, used to reside in Lebanon.

Philip Gemayel was elected Patriarch on June 14, 1795. His election was opposed by some bishops; the ones nearer to the previous Patriarch Joseph Estephan died in 1793, i.e. Joseph Tyan, John Helou and Joseph Najm (or Nujaym). Philip Gemayel asked the Vatican for confirmation, writing a request with twelve propositions.[4] But he died a few months later, on April 12, 1796, before getting his answer. Pope Pius VI, unaware of Gemayel's death, confirmed his election on June 27, 1796.[5]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [The addition of the name Peter (in Arabic : Boutros ) your first name is customary for newly elected Maronite patriarchs; about El Gemayel, acts Consistory of 1796 call Philippus Petrus , and likewise the patriarch signature Philippus Petrus patriarcha Antiochenus in the letter with a request to the pope the confirmation of his election.]
  2. ^ Bullarium pontificium sacrae congregationis de propaganda fide. 4. typ. coll. Urbani, propaganda fide. 1841. p. 233. 
  3. ^ de Clercq, Charles (1949). Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux, Tome XI Conciles des Orientaux Catholiques. 1. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. p. 283. 
  4. ^ Leeuwen, Richard (1994). Notables and Clergy in Mount Lebanon: the Khazin Sheiks and the Maronite Church. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers. p. 143. ISBN 90-04-09978-6. 
  5. ^ Dib, Pierre (2001). Histoire des Maronites: L'église maronite du XVIe siècle à nos jours, Volume 3. Librairie Orientale. p. 217. ISBN 978-9953-17-005-3. 

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