Philip Knights, Baron Knights
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Knights
CBE, QPM, DL
|Born||Philip Douglas Knights
3 October 1920
|Died||11 December 2014(aged 94)|
|Education||East Grinstead Co School, King's School|
|Alma mater||Police Staff College, Grantham|
|Employer||West Midlands Police|
|Spouse(s)||Jean Knights (deceased)|
Philip Douglas Knights, Baron Knights, CBE, QPM, DL (3 October 1920 – 11 December 2014) was an English police constable and the head of West Midlands Police as Chief Constable. Lord Knights was the successor to West Midlands Police's first Chief Constable, Sir Derrick Capper.
Knights joined Lincolnshire Police as a Cadet in 1938, becoming a Constable in 1940 and completed training at the (now defunct) Police Staff College in Grantham, Lincolnshire. During World War II, he served in the Royal Air Force between 1943 until 1945. Knights returned to Lincolnshire Police, reaching the rank of Chief Superintendent in 1957. He moved to the Birmingham City Police in 1959 as an Assistant Chief Constable and rose to the rank of Deputy Chief Constable in 1970. In 1972 he moved to Sheffield and Rotherham Constabulary as Chief Constable. In 1974, Sheffield and Rotherham Constabulary amalgamated with parts of West Yorkshire Constabulary to become South Yorkshire Police. Knights returned to West Midlands Police where he was appointed Chief Constable. He was described as a 'true architect' of the new force, bringing together six separate forces into one.
In 1983 the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament activist Madeline Haigh criticised Lord Knights for not disciplining West Midlands Special Branch who investigated her after she wrote to a local newspaper complaining about the cancellation of a peace march. Lord Knights defended the case by saying it "fell within the terms of reference of the Special Branch."
Honours and awards
Knights was awarded the Queen's Police Medal in 1964 and then appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1971. Knights was promoted to a Commander (CBE) in 1976 and knighted in 1980. He was Deputy Lieutenant of the West Midlands in 1985 and was created a life peer on 22 July 1987 as Baron Knights, of Edgbaston in the County of West Midlands. He sat as a crossbencher in the House of Lords until his death in 2014.
|Order of the British Empire||1971|
|Queens Police Medal||1964|
|War Medal 1939–1945||1945|
|Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal||1977|
|Police Long Service and Good Conduct Medal||1972|
- "Lord Knights, the architect of West Midlands Police, dies at 94". West Midlands Police. 12 December 2014.
- "West Midlands Police Facebook". West Midlands Police. 15 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
- "True Spies, Secret State: Timeline". BBC News. 17 October 2002. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
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- The London Gazette: . 13 June 1964.
- The London Gazette: . 12 June 1971.
- The London Gazette: . 12 June 1976.
- The London Gazette: . 18 April 1980.
- "MPs, Lords and offices – UK Parliament". Biographies.parliament.uk. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Mr Philip Knights (Hansard)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Honorary graduates of Aston University". .aston.ac.uk. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Political Biographies, Constituency & MP Profiles, News, Online Bookshop". DodOnline. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Lord Knights". UK Parliament. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 27 July 1987.
|Chief Constable of the West Midlands
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