Phoenix Picturehouse

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Phoenix Picturehouse
Plain façade, painted pale blue, with an awning
Façade of the Phoenix Picturehouse
Former namesNorth Oxford Cinema (1913–20)
The Scala (1920–25, 1925–70)
New Scala (1925)
Studios One and Two (1970–76)
Studio One and Studio X (1976–77)
Address57 Walton Street, Oxford
OX2 6AE
LocationJericho, Oxford
Coordinates51°45′37″N 1°16′00″W / 51.760322°N 1.266636°W / 51.760322; -1.266636Coordinates: 51°45′37″N 1°16′00″W / 51.760322°N 1.266636°W / 51.760322; -1.266636
Public transitNo buses serve Walton Street. Oxford Bus 6 and Stagecoach buses S2, S3 serve Woodstock Road, 13 mile (540 m) away
OwnerCineworld
OperatorPicturehouse Cinemas
Typecinema
Genre(s)mainstream films,
independent films
Construction
Built1913
Opened15 March 1913; 106 years ago (1913-03-15)
Renovated2017
ArchitectGilbert T Gardner,
new façade 1939 by Frederick Chancellor
Website
www.picturehouses.co.uk/cinema/Phoenix_Picturehouse/

The Phoenix Picturehouse is a cinema in Oxford, England.[1] It is at 57 Walton Street in the Jericho district of Oxford.

The Phoenix used to be an independent cinema,[2] and from 1989 the Picturehouse Cinemas chain developed from it. Since 2012 the multi-national Cineworld group has owned Picturehouse Cinemas.

History[edit]

The building was designed by local architect Gilbert T Gardner for proprietors Richard Henry John Bartlett, W Beeson and Charles Green. It opened on 15 March 1913 as the North Oxford Kinema.[3] By then Oxford had several cinemas, including the Electric Theatre in Castle Street and the Oxford Picture Palace in Jeune Street.

The cinema changed hands several times in its early years. Proprietors included Hubert Thomas Lambert (1917–20), CW Poole’s Entertainments (1920–23), Walshaw Enterprises (1923–25), Ben Jay (1925–27), J Bailiff (1927–28), and Edward Alfred Roberts (1928–30).[3]

In 1920 Poole's, a company most famous for Poole's Myriorama, refurbished the cinema and renamed it The Scala. In 1925 Ben Jay briefly renamed it the New Scala.[2]

In 1930 the lease was acquired by JR Poyntz, who had sound equipment installed. In 1939 the original façade was replaced with one designed by Frederick GM Chancellor of Frank Matcham & Co.[4]

Poyntz regularly[clarification needed] showed subtitled films, which were especially popular with foreign-language students. The Poytz family owned the cinema for 40 years, and made it one of the UK's most important art film cinemas outside London.[2]

In 1970 Star Associated Holdings Ltd bought the cinema, divided its single auditorium into two, and renamed it Studios One and Two.[5] The film selection became much more mainstream, and adult films became a regular part of the programme.[6] In 1976 Studio Two was renamed Studio X and briefly became a private club for more explicit adult films.[7]

In 1977 the cinema was renamed The Phoenix by new owners Charles and Kitty Cooper of Contemporary Films, who returned the repertoire to art house and foreign language films. Contemporary Films introduced late-night screenings every day of the week, which were very popular with local students.[3] Custom declined in the 1980s, as it did throughout the UK at this time. The Coopers reluctantly sold the cinema.[8]

In 1987 the cinema was used as a filming location in The Silent World of Nicholas Quinn, an episode of ITV's Inspector Morse. [9]

In 1989 Lyn Goleby and Tony Jones bought the cinema and made it the first venue in the Picturehouse Cinemas group,[3] which as of 2018 had 24 cinemas. On 6 December 2012 Cineworld bought Picturehouse Cinemas.[10] Although no longer independent, the Phoenix Picturehouse still maintains the appearance of an independent cinema. In March 2013 the cinema celebrated its centenary. Later that year Picturehouses published a book of its history.[11]

In August 2017 the cinema closed for a major two-month refurbishment of both of its cinema screens, reopening in October 2017. [12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cine-files: The Phoenix Picturehouse, Oxford". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. 23 October 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Waite, Debbie (18 January 2013). "Phoenix to Celebrate its Centenary in Reel Style". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "History". Phoenix Centenary Blog. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  4. ^ Allison, Chan & Gennari 2013, p. 63.
  5. ^ Allison, Chan & Gennari 2013, pp. 81–85.
  6. ^ Chan 2013, p. 260.
  7. ^ Allison, Chan & Gennari 2013, pp. 91–93.
  8. ^ Allison, Chan & Gennari 2013, pp. 119–120.
  9. ^ IMDB The Silent World of Nicholas Quinn (1987) https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0611659/locations?ref_=tt_dt_dt
  10. ^ Allison, Chan & Gennari 2013, p. 153.
  11. ^ Allison, Chan & Gennari 2013.
  12. ^ http://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/15403679.Historic_city_cinema_to_shut_its_doors_for_refurbishment/

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]