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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Picralima
Binomial name
Picralima nitida
(Stapf) T.Durand & H.Durand
  • Tabernaemontana nitida Stapf
  • Picralima klaineana Pierre
  • Picralima macrocarpa A.Chev.

Picralima is a plant genus in the family Apocynaceae., first described as a genus in 1896. It contains only one known species, Picralima nitida, native to tropical Africa (Benin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Gabon, Cameroon, Cabinda, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Zaire, Uganda).[1][2][3][4][5]

Picralima nitida, the Akuamma, is a tree. The dried seeds from this plant are used in traditional medicine throughout West Africa, particularly in Ghana as well as in the Ivory Coast and Nigeria. The seeds are crushed or powdered and taken orally, and are mainly used for the treatment of malaria[2] and diarrhoea, and as a painkiller. The plant produces the alkaloids pericine and akuammine.

formerly included in genus[1]
  1. Picralima elliotii (Stapf) Stapf = Hunteria umbellata (K.Schum.) Hallier f.
  2. Picralima gracilis A.Chev. = Hunteria umbellata (K.Schum.) Hallier f.
  3. Picralima laurifolia A.Chev. = Hunteria simii (Stapf) H.Huber
  4. Picralima umbellata (K.Schum.) Stapf = Hunteria umbellata (K.Schum.) Hallier f.


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
  3. ^ Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  4. ^ Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  5. ^ Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

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