|Place of origin||France|
Pigeon pie is a savoury game pie made of pigeon meat and various other ingredients traditional to French cuisine and present in other European cuisines. It has been eaten at least as early as 1670 in French cuisine.
Similar dishes to pigeon pie exist in other cultures. In Morocco, a version made with a thin, phyllo-like pastry crust is called bastila. Early versions of the traditional Canadian dish of tourtière, currently made with meats such as pork or beef, were probably made of pigeon, likely the now extinct passenger pigeon.
Records in the British National Archives show that pigeon pie was a menu item at Kew Palace during the reign of George III. In 1879, the British Medical Journal reported a group of sailors aboard the Troop ship HMS Tamar (1863) were poisoned by a bad pigeon pie which spawned an Admiralty investigation. An earlier reference to a pigeon pie recipe is given in the Booke of Cookery, published in 1575AD in the UK.
Before the late 19th century in the United States, pigeon pie was a common dish. Archival records show that pigeon pie was a traditional dish for the American holiday of Thanksgiving, though is currently uncommon at Thanksgiving meals. Similarly, during the earlier part of the 19th century pigeon pie was a common Christmas meal in Detroit, but later was replaced by other meats. The reviewers in The Pacific Northwest Quarterly of the 1976 The Homestead Cookbook edited by Victoria Paul, noted that without publications of cookbooks like it, the traditional dish of pigeon pie would become culturally extinct in the United States.
In Spain, pigeon eating was a common practice as early as the 14th century under the 1379 Order of the Pigeon created by King Juan I of Castile. The order ate pigeon regularly at their order banquets. In 1611, a recipe book by the royal chef at the court of Philip III of Spain included recipes for pigeon pie. Similarly, a chef at a university residence hall in Spain included recipes for pigeon pies in his 1607 collection of recipes.
- BBC - Food - Recipes : Pigeon pie
- Did You Know: Food History - Bastila: a Culinary History of Morocco
- "Exploring Tourtière" (PDF).
- Kennedy, Maev (5 February 2012). "George III's tin bath rediscovered at Kew Palace". Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- "Poisoning By Pigeon-Pie". The British Medical Journal. 2 (968): 96–97. Jul 19, 1879. JSTOR 25251561.
- Pous, Terri (November 22, 2011). "Sheepshead and Pigeon Pie: Vintage Thanksgiving Menus Reveal Some Odd Dishes". Time. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Loomis, Bill (December 18, 2011). "Christmas traditions in Old Detroit: Pigeon pie, horse racing, tapers on trees". Detroit News. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- A. Murray, Keith; Murray, Shirley J. (Apr 1978). "[Review] The Homestead Cookbook by Virginia Paul". The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 69 (2): 94–95. JSTOR 40489669.
- "Monuments to the Birds: Dovecotes and Pigeon Eating in the Land of Fields". Gastronomica: The Journal of Food and Culture. University of California Press. 5 (2): 50–59. Spring 2005. doi:10.1525/gfc.2005.5.2.50. JSTOR 10.1525/gfc.2005.5.2.50.
- "Did You Know: Food History - Bastila: a Culinary History of Morocco". www.cliffordawright.com. Retrieved 2017-05-25.