Pinghua (評話 or 平話) (plain tales) are Chinese popular stories, which originated in the Tang and Song dynasties. Some antecedents are found in the texts found at Dunhuang, and clearly relied on the conventions of oral literature.
There were many stories in this form, such as Sanguozhi Pinghua (三國志平話 or 三國誌評話).
- Victor H. Mair. ed., The Columbia History of Chinese Literature. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001; ISBN 0231109849) pp. 1012, 1024 972-973, 992.
- Wilt L. Idema, Chinese Vernacular Fiction, the Formative Period, Sinica Leidensia Xiii. (Leiden: E.J.Brill, 1974). Google Book
- Wilt L. Idema, "Some Remarks and Speculations Concerning P'ing-Hua," T'oung Pao LX (1974): 121 - 72.