Pisaura

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Pisaura
Pisaura mirabilis.jpg
P. mirabilis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Pisauridae
Genus: Pisaura
Simon, 1886[1]
Species

See text.

Diversity
13 species

Pisaura is a genus of Eurasian spiders in the family Pisauridae.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus name Pisaura was first published by Eugène Simon in 1886.[1][2] In 1757, Carl Alexander Clerck had described a species of spider under the name Araneus mirabilis; later authors placed the species either in Dolomedes or more usually in Ocyale. Simon stated that the type species of Ocyale was entirely different from "Ocyale mirabilis", so placed the species in a new genus as Pisaura mirabilis.[2][3] In the same publication, Simon also described Pisaura valida,[2] later placed in Afropisaura as Afropisaura valida.[4]

Species[edit]

As of June 2017, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following species:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Gen. Pisaura Simon, 1886", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2017-06-01
  2. ^ a b c Simon, E. (1886), "Etudes arachnologiques. 18e Mémoire. XXVI. Matériaux pour servir à la faune des Arachnides du Sénégal", Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (in French and Latin), 6: 345–396, p. 354. The paper relates to a meeting held in November 1885 but not published until March 1886.
  3. ^ "Taxon details Pisaura mirabilis (Clerck, 1997)", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2017-06-02
  4. ^ Blandin, P. (1976), "Etudes sur les Pisauridae africaines VI. Définition des genres Pisaura Simon, 1885, Pisaurellus Roewer, 1961, Afropisaura n. gen. et mise au point sur les espèces des genres Afropisaura and Pisaurellus (Araneae - Pisauridae - Pisaurinae)", Revue Zoologique Africaine, 90: 917–939