Pisidium clessini

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Pisidium clessini
Johansen 1904 Fig-2 Pisidium clessini.jpg
Pisidium clessini
Johansen 1904 Fig-1 Pisidium clessini.jpg
Pisidium clessini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Heterodonta
Order: Veneroida
Suborder: Sphaeriacea
Family: Sphaeriidae
Genus: Pisidium
Subgenus: Pisidium
Species: P. clessini
Binomial name
Pisidium clessini
Neumayr, 1875

Pisidium clessini is a species of extinct freshwater bivalve from family Sphaeriidae.

Description[edit]

The shell has an oval form with somewhat prominent umbo, that is situated behind the middle. There is a distinct concentric rib structure. The ribs are sharp and are separated by relatively big spaces. There are two (sometimes three) strong accentuated ribs near the Umbo, that gradually become less accentuated to the sides. These ribs are a distinct characteristic of the species. The ribs can be faded in certain cases, but the accentuated ribs are always there. Radial ribs are not present. The inner rim of the shell is smooth and is not crenulated. The shell of this species has a somewhat variabel shape and sometimes does look a lot like Pisidium amnicum.

Measurements of the shell:

  • length: up to 7,8 mm.
  • width: up to 6,5 mm.
  • semi diameter: up to 2,2 mm.

Ecology[edit]

Pisidium clessini only lived in streaming en moving water.

Distribution[edit]

The species is extinct, but was widely spread in the whole of Europe from the beginning of the Pliocene, but mainly during interglacials of the early and middle Pleistocene.

References[edit]

  • (Dutch) Gittenberger, E., Janssen, A.W., Kuijper, W.J., Kuiper, J.G.J., Meijer, T., Velde, G. van der & Vries, J.N. de, 1998. De Nederlandse zoetwatermollusken. Recente en fossiele weekdieren uit zoet en brak water. Nederlandse Fauna 2. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & EIS-Nederland, Leiden, 288 pp. ISBN 90-5011-201-3
  • Danish Johansen, A.C., 1904. Om den fossile kvartaere molluskfauna i Danmark og dens relationer til forandringer i klimaet. Land- og ferskvandsmolluskfaunaen. København, I_IV, 1-136.
  • (English) Meijer, T., 1990. Notes on Quaternary freshwater mollusca of the Netherlands, with descriptions of some new species. Mededelingen van de Werkgroep voor Tertiaire en Kwartaire Geologie, 26(1989): 145-181.
  • (English) Meijer, T., Preece, R.C., 1995. Malacological evidence relating to the insularity of the British Isles during the Quaternary. In Island Britain: a Quaternary perspective. Preece, R.C. (ed.) Geological Society Special Publication No. 96: 89-110.
  • (Dutch) Vlerk, I.M. van der & Florschütz, F., 1950. Nederland in het IJstijdvak. Utrecht. 289 pp.
  • Danish Wenz, W., 1929. Zur Geschichte und Verbreitung des Pisidium clessini Neumayr (= astartoides Sandberger). Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 61: 185-189.

External links[edit]