Pittarthie Castle

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Pittarthie Castle
Pittarthie Castle - geograph.org.uk - 239556.jpg
Pittarthie Castle
Coordinates 56°16′19″N 2°46′30″W / 56.2719°N 2.7750°W / 56.2719; -2.7750Coordinates: 56°16′19″N 2°46′30″W / 56.2719°N 2.7750°W / 56.2719; -2.7750
Listed Building – Category B
Designated 20 June 1979
Reference no. 4317
Designated 29 October 2003
Reference no. 870
Pittarthie Castle is located in Fife
Pittarthie Castle
Location of Pittarthie Castle in Fife

Pittarthie Castle was a laird’s fortified house in Fife, Scotland. The ruins of the structure are located 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) southwest of Dunino, and 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) northwest of Anstruther.[1] The name is spelled Pittarthie and Pittairthie in extant records. The ruins are protected as a scheduled monument,[2] and as a category B listed building.[3]

History[edit]

The present house was built for James Monypenny of Pitmilly circa 1580.[1] The King confirmed to Andrew Logan of Easter Granton and his heirs, “the lands of Pittarthie with certain others, including the fortalice, manor-place, etc., which had formerly been held of the Archbishop of St. Andrews by James Monypenny of Pitmelie and had been resigned by him in favour of the said Andrew”.[4] The estate was bought by the Bruces circa 1636[1] or 1644,[5] and the house was remodeled by William Bruce of Pittarthie in 1653.[3] In 1654, William Bruce inherited the property from his father, Andrew Bruce.[6]

In 1882, the house, called "Pittairthie Castle", was described as “a roofless ruin in the southwest of the [Dunino] parish, partly very ancient ... partly a structure of 1653; and in its oldest portion consists of a large square tower, with vaults beneath”.[7] The description “partly very ancient” may have resulted from observation of the coarser masonry at the bottom of the south wall, mentioned in the later description, which would suggest an even earlier structure had stood on the site. The estate dates from the 14th century according to one report, which also states that the property passed to the Hannays of Kingsmuir sometime after about 1700.[4]

The ruins[edit]

There are substantial remains of the hilltop house, which is built in an "L" plan with the jamb, its northwest corner bowed, attached to the southwest of the main block, and a stair tower in the inner angle. The stonework is good quality rubble with ashlar dressings. but much coarser masonry appears at the bottom of the south wall, possibly evidence of an earlier building. It displays wonderfully decorative but now fairly useless defences—a gunloop beside the roll-moulded door, and pistol holes below all the window sills.[1]

The date 1682 is carved, together with William Bruce’s arms and initials, on a segmental pediment over the first floor hall’s south window.[1] This window, like most of the others, has typically late 17th century rounded arrises. The interior is derelict. In the tunnel-vaulted jamb, there is a kitchen with a huge north fireplace, and a water inlet in the west wall. Perhaps also of late 17th-century origin was the addition of a north stair turret.

A modern Ordnance Survey map shows Pittarthie Castle ruins located in a field southwest of Dunino, not far north of Carnbee,[8] and the castle is also shown on some popular maps of Castles of Scotland.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e John Gifford: Fife, "The Buildings of Scotland" Series, Penguin Books, 1988, pp. 43 and 346
  2. ^ "Pittarthie Castle". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Pittarthie Castle: Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Raymond Lamont-Brown: Discovering Fife, John Donald Publishers Ltd., Edinburgh, 1988.
  5. ^ Jim Robertson, of Queensland, Australia: correspondence dated 27 Mar 1996, containing information abstracted by Mr. Ian C. Copland of the District Library Service, North East Fife District Council, Cupar, Fife, Scotland, from the District Library holdings. The information includes abstracts from an unattributed history of structures in Fife, and an especially detailed description of Pittarthie Castle in an inventory of monuments in Fife published by the Historical Monuments (Scotland) Commission.
  6. ^ Robertson: correspondence...
  7. ^ Francis Hindes Groome: Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: A Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical, Biographical and Historical, Thomas C. Jack, Grange Publishing Works, 1882.
  8. ^ Ordnance Survey: St. Andrews and Kirkcaldy, Director General of the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, England, 1976, First Series, Sheet 59, 1:50,000 scale.