Plan Bolívar 2000

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Missions of the Bolivarian Revolution of Venezuela
Food, Housing & Medicine
Indigenous Rights, Land & Environment

Plan Bolívar 2000 (launched February 27, 1999[1] and cancelled in 2002[2]) was the first of the Bolivarian Missions enacted under administration of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. According to the United States Department of State, Chávez wanted to "send the message that the military was not a force of popular repression, but rather a force for development and security". The State Department also commented that this happened "only 23 days after his inauguration" and that he wanted to show his closest supporters "that he had not forgotten them".[3] The plan involved around 40,000 Venezuelan soldiers engaged in door-to-door anti-poverty activities, including mass vaccinations, food distribution in slum areas, and education.[citation needed] The program also transported thousands of poor and ill Venezuelans at cost by military cargo planes and helicopters to seek employment and medical care.[citation needed] About US$144 million were approved for the project.[2]


In 2001, several scandals affected the program as allegations of corruption were formulated against Generals involved in the plan, arguing that significant amounts of money had been diverted.[4][2]

General Victor Cruz Weffer, in charge of the program denied the wrongdoing but he was fired by Chávez and the mission was cancelled in 2002.[2] Cruz Weffer was not charged with any crime at the time, but was arrested in 2018 to stand trial with charges of illicit enrichment related to accounts offshore.[2]


  1. ^ Rondón, Dubraska (27 February 2019). "Hace 19 años inició la Revolución Bolivariana". Ministerio del poder popular para la comunicación y e información, Gobierno Bolivariano de Venezuela (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e Ellsworth, Brian (28 June 2019). "Special Report: Why the military still stands by Venezuela's beleaguered president". Reuters. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Venezuelan soldiers leave their barracks to implement Chavez's civil-military public works program" (PDF). United States Department of State. 8 March 1999. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  4. ^ Ruíz, Carlos Eduardo (9 April 2019). "¿Sabe el Ejército de Corrupción?". Analítica. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2019.