Plasmodium cnemidophori

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Plasmodium cnemidophori is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium subgenus Sauramoeba.

Like all Plasmodium species P. cnemidophori has both vertebrate and insect hosts. The vertebrate hosts for this parasite are lizards.

Plasmodium achiotense
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Protista
Phylum: Apicomplexa
Class: Aconoidasida
Order: Haemosporida
Family: Plasmodiidae
Genus: Plasmodium
Species: P. cnemidophori
Binomial name
Plasmodium cnemidophori


The parasite was first described by Carini in 1941.[1]

The schizonts and gametocytes caused hypertrophy and distortion of host cell and nucleus. The nucleus may be displaced.

Pigment is not located in a distinct vacuole.

The schizonts are usually polar in position, rounded in shape, and may produce over 100 merozoites. Large schizonts visibly enlarge the erythrocyte. Mature schizonts measure 13.0 +/- 0.4 (range: 10-15) micrometres x 10.8 +/- 3 (range: 8-13) micrometres.

The gametocytes are elongated and lateral in position.

Mature microgametocytes measure 11.8 +/- 0.9 (range: 10-15) micrometres x 8.8 +/- 0.6 (range:7-10) micrometres.

Geographical occurrence[edit]

This species is found in Venezuela, Brazil and Panama.

Clinical features and host pathology[edit]

This species infects the lizards Ameiva ameiva, and Cnemidophorus lemniscatus lemniscatus.


  1. ^ Carini, A. 1941. Sobre um plasmodio endoglobular e uma Eimeria do lagarto Cnemidophorus lemniscatus lemniscatus. Arch. Biol. S. Paulo 25, 205-208.