Pleurodictyum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pleurodictyum
Temporal range: Late Silurian-Early Carboniferous
~418–345 Ma
Pleurodictyum americanum Kashong.jpg
P. americanum from the Givetian Kashong Shale (Hamilton Group) of Livingston County, New York
Pleurodictyum americanum Kashong Reverse.jpg
Reverse side
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Tabulata
Family: Favositidae
Genus: Pleurodictyum
Goldfuss 1829
Species
  • P. americanum Roemer 1876

Pleurodictyum is an extinct genus of tabulate corals, characterized by polygonal corallites.[1] Colonies commonly encrust hard substrates such as rocks, shells and carbonate hardgrounds.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Fossils of Pleurodictyum have been found in:[3]

Silurian

Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Tajikistan, and the United States (Kentucky, Wisconsin)

Devonian

Algeria, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada (Ontario), China, Colombia (Floresta Formation, Altiplano Cundiboyacense), the Czech Republic, France, Germany, New Zealand, South Africa, Spain, Tajikistan, Turkey, the United Kingdom, United States (Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee), and Venezuela

Carboniferous

Czech Republic, Mexico, and the United States (Georgia)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pandolfi, J.M.; Burke, C.D. (1989). "Environmental distribution of colony growth form in the favositid Pleurodictyum americanum". Lethaia. 22: 69–84. 
  2. ^ Brett, C.E.; Cottrell, J.F. (1982). "Substrate specificity in the Devonian tabulate coral Pleurodictyum". Lethaia. 15: 247-262. 
  3. ^ Pleurodictyum at Fossilworks.org