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Pluralism is used in different ways across a wide range of topics. It denotes a diversity of views and stands rather than a single approach or method of interpretation:

In philosophy[edit]

  • Epistemological or methodological pluralism, the view that some phenomena observed in science and social science require multiple methods to account for their nature; methodologies for determining what we know – a set of untold truths about the world
  • Pluralism (philosophy), a doctrine according to which many rather than one (monism) or two (dualism) basic substances make up reality
  • Pluralist school, a Greek school of pre-Socratic philosophers
  • Value pluralism, the idea that there are several values that may be equally correct, even fundamental, and yet in conflict with each other

See also[edit]

  • Artistic interpretation
  • Global Centre for Pluralism, an international centre for research, education and exchange about the values, practices and policies that underpin pluralist societies
  • Globalization, the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture
  • Multiculturalism, describes the existence, acceptance, and/or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of the culture associated with an aboriginal ethnic group and foreigner ethnic groups
  • Postmodernism, describes both an era and a broad movement that developed in the late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism which marked a departure from modernism