St Andrew's Church, Plymouth
|St Andrew's Church, Plymouth|
|Minster Church of St Andrew|
Tower of St Andrew's Church
|Location||Royal Parade, Plymouth, PL1 2AD|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Previous denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
|Functional status||Parish church|
|Parish||St. Andrew Plymouth|
|Archdeaconry||Archdeaconry of Plymouth|
|Diocese||Diocese of Exeter|
|Vicar(s)||The Revd Joe Dent|
The Minster Church of St Andrew, also known as St Andrew's Church, Plymouth is an Anglican church in Plymouth. It is the original parish church of Sutton, one of the three towns which were later combined to form the city of Plymouth. The church is the largest parish church in the historic county of Devon and was built in the mid to late 15th century. It was designated as a Minster Church in 2009 and it continues to operate as the focus for religious civic events for the city and as a bustling evangelical church.
It is likely to be on the site of the original Saxon church and was once attached to the abbey of Plympton.
The church existed at least as early as the beginning of the 12th century, possibly established in the 8th century but by the 15th century it needed to be enlarged because of the growth of the town. A Purbeck marble effigy tomb now located in the north transept is the only remaining feature of the earlier church. The principal building of Plymouth blue-sky limestone and Dartmoor granite corner buttressing in the Perpendicular style, took place between 1430 and 1490. with a plaque on the tower dating to 1460. It is known to have been restored three times, in 1824 by John Foulston, in 1875 by Sir George Gilbert Scott, and by Sir Frederick Etchells after extensive bomb damage in World War II. The Resurgam Door is a commemoration of this. The length is 185 feet (56 m) and the width 96 feet (29 m). There are two aisles on each side of the nave and one each side of the chancel. The arcades are of the type which is standard in Cornwall at the period. The tower is 136 feet (41 m) high and was funded by Thomas Yogge, a prosperous merchant, c. 1460. who lived in the wrongly-named Prysten House immediately located to the south of the Church.
The organ, the largest west of Bristol, was built by Rushworth and Dreaper to a design by George Harry Moreton, William Lloyd Webber and O. H. Peasgood. Dr Harry Moreton (1864–1961) was the organist of St Andrew's from 1885 to 1958.
In March 1941, St Andrew's Parish Church was bombed and badly damaged. Amid the smoking ruins a headmistress nailed over the door a wooden sign saying simply Resurgam (Latin for I shall rise again), indicating the wartime spirit, a gesture repeated at other devastated European churches. That entrance to St Andrew's is still referred to as the "Resurgam" door and a carved granite plaque is now permanently fixed there.
The Church was re-roofed and restored by Etchells and re-consecrated on 30 November 1957, St Andrew's Day. The restoration includes a new chancel as the old one had been made into a ruin.
There is a notable collection of 17th century plate and one chalice and cover of 1590.
- John Cavell, Vicar from 1962 to 1972, later Bishop of Southampton
- Ealphege, vicar in the reign of King William II (d. 1100)
- John Hatchard, vicar from 1824 to his death in 1869
- Joseph Hunkin began his career in 1914 with a curacy at St Andrew’s; his last church appointment was as Bishop of Truro.
- Nick McKinnel, rector from 1994 to 2012 later bishop of Plymouth
- Clifford Martin, vicar from 1939 to 1944, later fourth Bishop of Liverpool.
- Rod Thomas, curate from 1993 to 1999, later Bishop of Maidstone and provincial episcopal visitor for conservative evangelicals in the Church of England
- Katherine of Aragon, in thanksgiving for a safe voyage from Spain
- Francis Drake
- John Hawkins
- King Charles II according to tradition performed touching for the king's evil here
- Admiral Robert Blake was interred here and afterwards removed to Westminster Abbey (his heart is still thought to be buried under the church)
- William Bligh, deposed in the Mutiny on the Bounty, was baptised here in 1754
- "The History of St. Andrew’s Church" St Andrew's Church, Plymouth, accessed 13 October 2011
- Pevsner, pp. 229-30
- Moseley, Brian (March 2011). "Doctor George Harry Moreton (1864-1961)". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Plymouth Data. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- "Places of Worship". Plymouth City Council website. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2007-10-13.
- Pevsner, p. 230
- Church web-site
- "Martin, Rt Rev. Clifford Arthur", Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edition, Oxford University Press, December 2007, accessed 13 October 2011 (subscription required)
- "Suffragan Bishop of Maidstone: Roderick Charles Howell Thomas". Press release. Prime Minister's Office. 5 May 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- Holland, Clive (1908) From the North Foreland to Penzance. London: Chatto & Windus; p. 264
- Fermer, Michael T. and Parkinson, John F., "A Short History and Pictorial Guide to the Church of St Andrew, Plymouth", The Church of St Andrew, Plymouth, May 1975.
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