|Catchment area||14,000 m2 (150,000 sq ft)|
|Max. depth||46 m (151 ft)|
Poechos Reservoir is a middle-sized reservoir on Peru's Chira River in the border area between Peru and Ecuador. Its purpose is to improve the accumulation of water stocks in the upper part of Peru's Chira basin by flood control, irrigation, drainage and electricity generation.
The Poechos Reservoir is situated in the northernmost part of Peru, in the lower flow of the rivers Chira and Piura, about 50 km north of Piura, the capital of the Piura Region. It is located on 4° 3' southern latitude and 80° 2' western longitude at an altitude of 98 m in the Lancones district of the province of Sullana, approximately 30 km from the border with Ecuador.
The system was built in four phases:
Phase 1 (1970 to 1977)
The first phase included the construction of
- the rock filled Poechos dam (9 km long with a maximum height of about 55 m and a total excavation volume of 9,000,000 m³;
- the diversion tunnel built into the bottom outlet with a maximum capacity of 14 m³/s;
- the concrete gravitational block of the overflow structure (400,000 m³ concrete) with radial gates with a total capacity up to , 500 m³/s;
- the safety overflow of circa 200 m length with a capacity up to 10,000 m³/s;
- the headwater discharge and the headwater channel with a capacity of 70 m³/s (8,00,000 m³ excavation and 1,000,000 m³ of concrete for channel lining);
- the channel drainage system in the lower Chira (10,000,000 m³ excavation in total) flows through over 1,000 structures on the channel network (overflows, outlets, gates, etc.)
Phase 2 (1978 to 1985)
The second phase covered
- the headwater dam Los Ejedos which is 220 m long with a maximum height of 20 m and a gate capacity of 3,000 m³/s;
- the main channel, which is 42 km long and has a capacity of 45 m³/s;
- the protecting embankments (60 km long) along the Piura;
- the channel system with supporting structures over an area of 350 km².
Phase 3 (1985 to 1997)
The third phase consisted of
- the headwater dam Sullana which is 75 m long, has a maximum height of 12 m and has gates with a total capacity of up to 5,000 m³/s;
- the headwater channel Norte with a capacity of 25,500 m³/s over 56 km which irrigate 150 km²;
- the channel Sur which is circa 35 km long with a capacity of 7 m³/s for irrigation of about 70 km² (in total about 5,000,000 m³ excavation);
- about 60 km of dykes along the regulated river bed in the lower Chira flow (about 5,500,000 m³ of embankment).
Phase 4 (2002 to 2004)
The final phase included
- the 12.5 MW Curumuy dam and power plant, completed in 2000;
- the 15.4 MW Poechos I Hydroelectric Project which was completed in 2004.
The capacity of the reservoir is 1,000,000,000 m³, its catchment area 14,000 m², its maximum depth 46 m.
The irrigation dam is 49 m high and 9 km wide at crest and at its bottom has a conduit to discharge water at a rate of 4 m³/s.
The original design brief was to revitalise the Piura valley, which was short of water, and provide modern irrigation for approximately 350 km² of arable land.
The Poechos I Hydroelectric Plant is operated by Sindicato Energético S.A (SINERSA). The Poechos I power house has 15.4 MW in installed capacity and generates 60 GW·h annually for Electronoroeste, the concessionary for energy distribution in northwestern Peru. The power plant is to accomplish a 90% national electrification level of the country by the year 2010 by using a zero emission energy source.