Central part of Polanica
|Gmina||Polanica-Zdrój (urban gmina)|
|• Total||17.22 km2 (6.65 sq mi)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+48 74|
Polanica-Zdrój [pɔlaˈɲit͡sa ˈzdrui̯] (German: Altheide-Bad) is a spa town in Kłodzko County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It lies approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) south-west of Kłodzko, and 89 kilometres (55 mi) south-west of the regional capital Wrocław. As at 2006, the town has a population of 6,900.
Polanica-Zdrój was first documented in 1347 under the name Heyde, when it was part of the Kingdom of Bohemia. At the time it belonged to the House of Glaubitz, and in the following centuries it often changed owners. From the end of the 16th century the village was co-owned by the Jesuits, who contributed to its development. In 1645 it was destroyed by Swedish troops during the Thirty Years' War. In 1742 the settlement – like all the area – was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia. The settlement grew quickly during the 19th century, becoming a popular health resort in the 1870s, after Prussia had become a component state of Germany in 1871. In 1890 a rail connection to Glatz (Kłodzko) was completed. Until 1933, that is the year the Nazis came to power in Germany, a Polish guesthouse existed in the town. During both world wars the sanatoria were turned into military hospitals. The town became part of Poland after World War II under the terms of the Potsdam Agreement. It was granted town rights in 1945 and its first mayor was Kazimierz Dąbrowski.
The amateur film festival POL-8 takes place in Polanica-Zdrój. Since 1963, it has hosted the annual Akiba Rubinstein Memorial chess tournament, honoring the great Polish Grandmaster (1882–1961). This event always attracts a high-class field of top players.
Numbers of inhabitants:
- 1787 - 443
- 1816 - 490
- 1880 - 527
- 1910 - 1,538
- 1933 - 1,831
- 1950 - 4,482
- 1960 - 6,514
- 1970 - 6,943
- 1978 - 7,399
- 2006 - 6,900
- Historical city of Kłodzko with Kłodzko Fortress with 44 km (27 mi) de galleries & the bridge Saint-John (called a "Charles Bridge of Prague in miniature") from 1390 and its houses from 15th and 16th century
- Spa resorts in Duszniki-Zdrój, Kudowa-Zdrój & Lądek-Zdrój
- Śnieżnik Mountains & Stołowe Mountains
- Medieval town of Niemcza
- Cistercian monastery at Henryków
- Wojsławice Arboretum
- "Historia miasta". Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- "Polanica Zdrój - Historia miejscowości". Wirtualny Sztetl (in Polish). Retrieved 14 August 2019.
- Paulus VI, Constitutio Apostolica father/paul vi/apost constitutions/documents/hf p-vi apc 19720628 vratislaviensis lt.html "Vratislaviensis – Berolinensis et aliarum", in: Acta Apostolicae Sedis, 64 (1972), n. 10, pp. 657seq.
- "Międzynarodowy Festiwal Szachowy im. Akiby Rubinsteina Polanica-Zdrój". Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- "Miasta partnerskie". Portal - Miasto Polanica-Zdrój (in Polish). Retrieved 14 August 2019.
- Official web site, in Polish, English and German
- Jewish Community in Polanica-Zdrój on Virtual Shtetl
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