Polkit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
polkit
GNOME-based front-end, as seen in Ubuntu
GNOME-based front-end, as seen in Ubuntu
Developer(s) David Zeuthen, Red Hat
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written in C
Operating system Unix-like
Type Privilege authorization
License LGPL (free software)
Website www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/polkit
KDE-based front-end.

Polkit (formerly PolicyKit) is a component for controlling system-wide privileges in Unix-like operating systems. It provides an organized way for non-privileged processes to communicate with privileged ones. Polkit allows a level of control of centralized system policy. It is developed and maintained by David Zeuthen from Red Hat and hosted by the freedesktop.org project. It is published as free software under the terms of version 2 of the GNU Lesser General Public License.[1]

Since version 0.105, released in april 2012,[2][3] the name of the project was changed[by whom?] from PolicyKit to polkit to emphasize that the system component was rewritten[4] and that the API had changed, breaking backward compatibility.[5][dubious ]

Fedora became the first distribution to include PolicyKit, and it has since been used in other distributions, including Ubuntu since version 8.04 and openSUSE since version 10.3. Some distributions, like Fedora,[6] have already switched to the rewritten polkit.

It is also possible to use polkit to execute commands with elevated privileges using the command pkexec followed by the command intended to be executed (with root permission).[7] However, it may be preferable to use sudo, as this command provides more flexibility and security, in addition to being easier to configure.[8]

Implementation[edit]

The polkitd daemon implements Polkit functionality.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "polkit Git COPYING". David Zeuthen. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  2. ^ "polkit Git NEWS". David Zeuthen. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  3. ^ "Polkit releases". Retrieved 2018-09-01. 
  4. ^ "Chapter 9. PolicyKit". openSUSE Security Guide. Novell, Inc. and contributors. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  5. ^ "Polkit and KDE: let's make the point of the situation". Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  6. ^ "Features/PolicyKitOne". Fedora Project Wiki. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  7. ^ "pkexec". polkit Reference Manual. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  8. ^ "When to use pkexec vs. gksu/gksudo?". Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  9. ^ Команда разработчиков BLFS (2017). "4: Bezopasnost'". За пределами проекта "Linux® с нуля". Версия 7.4 [Beyond Linux from scratch] (in Russian). 1. Moscow: Litres. p. 169. ISBN 9785457831186. Retrieved 2017-09-05. 

External links[edit]