Smallanthus fruticosus

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Smallanthus fruticosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Smallanthus
Species: S. fruticosus
Binomial name
Smallanthus fruticosus
(Benth.) H.Rob.
Synonyms
  • Polymnia arborea Hieron.
  • Polymnia fruticosa Benth.
  • Smallanthus fruticosa (Benth.) H. Rob.

Smallanthus fruticosus is a species of shrub in the Asteraceae family. It is native to the Andes (from Colombia to Bolivia).[1]

S. fruticosus contains the cytotoxic flavone centaureidin[2] and the flavanone sakuranetin.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vitali, Maira; Sancho, Gisela; Katinas, Liliana (2015). "A revision of Smallanthus (Asteraceae, Millerieae), the “yacón” genus". Phytotaxa. 214 (1). ISSN 1179-3163. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.214.1.1. 
  2. ^ Centaureidin, a cytotoxic flavone from Polymnia fruticosa, inhibits tubulin polymerization. John A. Beutler, John H. Cardellina, Chii M. Lin, Ernest Hamel, Gordon M. Cragg and Michael R. Boyd, Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, Volume 3, Issue 4, April 1993, pages 581-584, doi:10.1016/S0960-894X(01)81233-6
  3. ^ Sakuranetin on home.ncifcrf.gov