Postumia (gens)

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The gens Postumia was one of the most ancient patrician gentes at Rome. Its members frequently held the highest office of the state, from the banishment of the kings to the downfall of the Republic. The first of the Postumii who obtained the consulship was Publius Postumius Tubertus in 505 BC, four years after the expulsion of the kings.[1]

Origin[edit]

The nomen Postumius is a patronymic surname, derived from the praenomen Postumus, which presumably belonged to the ancestor of the gens. That name is derived from the Latin adjective, postremus, meaning "last" or "hindmost," originally indicating a last-born or youngest child. However, its meaning has long been confounded with that of posthumous, indicating a child born after the death of the father; this misunderstanding is fostered by the fact that a posthumous child is also necessarily the youngest.[2]

Praenomina[edit]

The most prominent families of the Postumii during the early Republic favored the praenomina Aulus, Spurius, and Lucius, with Marcus, Publius, and Quintus receiving occasional use. Toward the end of the Republic, Postumii named Gaius, Gnaeus, and Titus are found.[3]

Branches and cognomina[edit]

The most distinguished family in the gens bore the cognomen Albus or Albinus; but distinguished families are also found at the commencement of the Republic with the names Megellus and Tubertus. Regillensis was an agnomen of the Albini. In the Punic Wars and subsequently, the surnames Pyrgensis, Tempsanus and Tympanus were used. A few Postumii appear in various sources without any surname.[4]

Members[edit]

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.

Postumii Tuberti[edit]

Postumii Albi et Albini[edit]

Postumii Megelli[edit]

Later Postumii[edit]

See also[edit]

List of Roman gentes

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor
  2. ^ George Davis Chase, "The Origin of Roman Praenomina", in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, vol. VIII (1897)
  3. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor
  4. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor
  5. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita, xl. 41.
  6. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita, xlv. 6.
  7. ^ Plutarchus, Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, Sulla 9.
  8. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, De Divinatione, i. 33.
  9. ^ Valerius Maximus, Factorum ac dictorum memorabilium libri IX, i. 6. § 4.
  10. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, In Verrem, ii. 18.
  11. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pro Murena, 26, 27, 33
  12. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Brutus, i. 33.
  13. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum, vii. 15. § 2, xv. 2. § 3, Epistulae ad Familiares, vi. 12. § 2, xiii. 69.
  14. ^ Appianus, B. C. ii. 58.
  15. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, iv. 12. § 2.
  16. ^ Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus, Roman History, l. 13.
  17. ^ Rodriguez, Era Maria Morales (2013). Las Ciudades Romanas en el Alto Guadalquivir (in Spanish). p. 97. 
  18. ^ Alföldy, Géza (1973). Flamines provinciae Hispaniae Citerioris (in German). Madrid. p. 95. 
  19. ^ a b Palmer, Robert E. A. (1990). Studies of the Northern Campus Martius in Ancient Rome. p. 43. 
  20. ^ a b c Mennen, Inge (2011). Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284. p. 121-122. 
  21. ^ Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin; Robert, John (1980). The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Parts 395-527. II. Cambridge University Press. p. 467. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.