Prachinburi

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Prachinburi
Town
Prachinburi is located in Thailand
Prachinburi
Prachinburi
Coordinates: 14°03′24″N 101°22′26″E / 14.05667°N 101.37389°E / 14.05667; 101.37389
Country Thailand
Provinces Prachinburi Province
Amphoe Mueang Prachinburi District
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2000) 25,157
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)

Prachinburi (Thai: ปราจีนบุรี, rtgsPrachin Buri, pronounced [prāː.t͡ɕīːn bū.rīː]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in central Thailand, capital of Prachinburi Province. It covers the entire tambon Na Mueang of the Mueang Prachinburi District. As of 2000, the population of the town was 25,157.[1]

Geography[edit]

Prachinburi is on the banks of the Prachinburi River, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Bangkok. Most of the city's environs are flats alluvial plains, but the foothills of the Sankamphaeng Range begin to rise about 10 kilometres (6 mi) to the north.

Climate[edit]

Prachinburi has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is very hot with the average daily maximum at 36.8 °C (98.2 °F). The monsoon season runs from late April through October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Prachinburi (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.9
(100.2)
39.1
(102.4)
40.6
(105.1)
42.2
(108)
41.3
(106.3)
38.4
(101.1)
36.5
(97.7)
36.2
(97.2)
36.0
(96.8)
36.0
(96.8)
38.0
(100.4)
36.8
(98.2)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
34.9
(94.8)
36.3
(97.3)
36.8
(98.2)
35.1
(95.2)
33.8
(92.8)
33.2
(91.8)
32.8
(91)
32.7
(90.9)
32.7
(90.9)
32.7
(90.9)
32.2
(90)
33.9
(93)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
28.2
(82.8)
29.5
(85.1)
30.1
(86.2)
29.3
(84.7)
28.9
(84)
28.5
(83.3)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.4
(81.3)
26.2
(79.2)
28.3
(82.9)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
22.7
(72.9)
24.3
(75.7)
25.4
(77.7)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.5
(76.1)
23.0
(73.4)
20.5
(68.9)
23.8
(74.8)
Record low °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
14.5
(58.1)
15.3
(59.5)
21.3
(70.3)
21.5
(70.7)
22.2
(72)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72)
21.5
(70.7)
19.0
(66.2)
16.3
(61.3)
12.2
(54)
12.2
(54)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.7
(0.303)
15.8
(0.622)
49.9
(1.965)
118.0
(4.646)
231.0
(9.094)
223.5
(8.799)
271.9
(10.705)
358.5
(14.114)
349.4
(13.756)
160.9
(6.335)
31.7
(1.248)
5.0
(0.197)
1,823.3
(71.783)
Average rainy days 1.1 1.9 5.1 9.1 16.6 18.2 19.6 22.3 21.0 14.2 3.7 0.8 133.6
Average relative humidity (%) 65 67 69 73 79 81 82 82 83 78 68 63 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 263.5 211.9 201.5 204.0 155.0 114.0 117.8 117.8 108.0 182.9 219.0 260.4 2,155.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.5 7.5 6.5 6.8 5.0 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 5.9 7.3 8.4 5.9
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[2]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[3]

Transportation[edit]

The main road through Prachinburi is Route 319. While Route 319 does not lead directly to other major centers, along with Route 33 it leads to Nakhon Nayok, and along with Routes 314 and 304 it leads to Bangkok.

Prachinburi is a station on the State Railway of Thailand's Eastern Line, 122 kilometres (76 mi) from Bangkok.

Hospital[edit]

Chao Phraya Abhaibhubejhr Hospital is a Thai traditional medical hub in ASEAN.[citation needed] It was built in 1909 for King Rama V on his next royal visit to Prachinburi, but the king never again visited.[citation needed] The building was named after the man who funded the construction, Chao Phraya Abhaibhubejhr, the governor of Prachinburi at the time. In 1994, Thailand's government renovated the Chao Phraya Abhaibhubejhr Building as a Thai traditional medical hub and museum. Chao Phraya Abhaibhubejhr Hospital is known for herbal products, traditional Thai medicine, and Thai massage. The brand of herbal medicines, cosmetics, toiletries, and elixirs is "Abhaibhubejhr".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Thailand: Regions, Major Cities & Municipalities". CityPopulation.de. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 17–18. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 89. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 

External links[edit]