Pulsatilla patens

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Pulsatilla patens
Pulsatilla P0001.jpg
Plant flowering in Boulder, CO
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Pulsatilla
P. patens
Binomial name
Pulsatilla patens
  • Anemone ludoviciana Nutt., nom. illeg.
  • Anemone multifida (Pritz.) Zämelis, non Poir.
  • Anemone nuttalliana DC.
  • Anemone patens L. var. multifida Pritz.
  • Anemone patens L. var. nuttalliana (DC.) A. Gray
  • Anemone patens L. var. wolfgangiana (Besser) Koch
  • Pulsatilla hirsutissima (Pursh) Britton
  • Pulsatilla ludoviciana A. Heller, nom. illeg.
  • Pulsatilla nuttalliana (DC.) Spreng.
  • Pulsatilla patens (L.) Mill. ssp. hirsutissima (Pursh) Zamels

Pulsatilla patens is a species of flowering plant in the family Ranunculaceae, native to Europe, Russia, Mongolia, China, Canada and the United States. Common names include Eastern pasqueflower, prairie crocus, and cutleaf anemone.[3]


Pulsatilla patens is often placed in the genus Anemone, as Anemone patens L..[3]

Cultural associations[edit]

Pulsatilla patens is the provincial flower of Manitoba, Canada[4] and (as P. hirsutissima) is the state flower of South Dakota, United States.[5]

It is also the regional flower of the region of Tavastia Proper in Finland.[6]

Declining population noted[edit]

Advocates report that the population of Pulsatilla patens is declining, due to the synergy between the prairie crocus and shortgrass prairie ecosystems. Plowing up the prairie causes the crocus to disappear.[7]


Two subspecies have been distinguished:[1][2]

  • Pulsatilla patens subsp. patens
  • Pulsatilla patens subsp. multifida (Pritz.) Zämelis—cutleaf anemone



  1. ^ a b Pulsatilla patens USDA PLANTS database
  2. ^ a b Pulsatilla patens subsp. multifida USDA PLANTS database
  3. ^ a b "Anemone patens". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2017-12-24.
  4. ^ Government of Manitoba. "Symbols of Manitoba". Archived from the original on 2005-12-10. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
  5. ^ Chapter 1 2005 South Dakota Legislative Manual The Mount Rushmore State
  6. ^ Leinonen, Matti, Nyberg, Teuvo & Veistola, Simo: Koulun biologia: Metsät ja suot. Otava, 2007, p. 157.
  7. ^ "Johnny Caryopsis". "Our Prairie Crocus!". Retrieved 2012-11-23.

External links[edit]