February 5, 1897
|Died||August 12, 1982 (aged 85)|
|Cause of death||Traffic accident|
|Political party||Khana Ratsadon (1927–1947)|
Seri Manangkasila Party (1957)
|Spouse(s)||Khun Ying Rasi Pamornmontri (née: Piratyothin)|
Renu Pamornmontri (née: Phibunphanuwat)
|Relatives||Phraya Phahonphonphayuhasena (colleague)|
Phraya Songsuradet (colleague)
Pridi Banomyong (colleague)
Plaek Phibunsongkhram (colleague)
Khuang Aphaiwong (colleague)
Tawee Boonyaket (colleague)
|Branch/service|| Royal Thai Army|
Volunteer Defense Corps
Lieutenant General Prayoon Pamornmontri (Thai: ประยูร ภมรมนตรี) is a former Thai soldier, politician, and member of Khana Ratsadon (People's Party). He participated in the Siamese Revolution of 1932 to promote democracy by overthrowing the absolute monarchy.
Prayoon was born on 5 February 1897 in Berlin, German Empire, where his father served as the Siamese military attaché. His father was Major Yam Pamornmontri; his mother was a German physician. She taught German to many Siamese cadets in the German Empire at the time, many of whom later became members of the Khana Ratsadon.
Prayoon, as a child, served as a royal page to King Vajiravudh (Rama VI). When he grew up, he was appointed a royal guard. He resigned to study political science in Paris. While in Europe he traveled from Switzerland to Lyon to meet with fellow Siamese student, Khuang Aphaiwong. Khuang introduced him to Pridi Banomyong, the Paris-based leader of Siamese students in French.
In Paris, Pridi and Prayoon often spent their free time meeting in cafés or strolling the streets of Paris, talking about politics and the situation in Siam. This led to the creation of Khana Ratsadon, with Prayoon and Pridi as the first two members.
The first official meeting of Khana Ratsadon was held at 9, Rue Du Sommerard on 5 February 1927, Prayoon's 30th birthday. His role in Khana Ratsadon was to contact and coordinate with other members.
After absolute monarchy was overthrown in Siam, he was appointed Minister of Education in the administration of Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram, the Prime Minister. After World War II, he was appointed Minister of Public Health (1954–1957). In the military, he founded the Volunteer Defense Corps (VDC) and ascended to the rank of lieutenant general.
Prayoon's youngest son is actor, singer, and politician Yuranunt "Sam" Pamornmontri.
Honours and awards
Civil Service of Siam rank
- "สองฝั่งประชาธิปตย" [Two Sides of Democracy]. YouTube (in Thai). 26 July 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- Hon Huai (1987). Prajadhipok, The King Who Traveller (in Thai). Bangkok: Self-published. p. 163.
- Meksophon, Rungmanee (2012). Power (II) (in Thai). Bangkok: Baan Phra Arthit. p. 15. ISBN 9786165360791.
- Kawaravak, Dr. Boonkiat. "ประยูร ภมรมนตรี" [Prayoon Pamornmontri]. King Prajadhipok's Institute (in Thai).