Preakness (horse)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
DamBay Leaf
CountryUnited States
ColourDark Bay
BreederRobert A. Alexander
OwnerMilton H. Sanford
Duke of Hamilton
TrainerWilliam Hayward Sr.
Charles Littlefield Sr. (1871)
Record39: 18-12-2
Major wins
Dinner Party Stakes (1870)
Maturity Stakes (1871)
Westchester Cup (1871)
Pimlico Stakes (1871)
Grand National Handicap (1873)
Jockey Club Handicap (1873)
Long Branch Stakes (1873)
Manhattan Handicap (1873)
Jockey Club Stakes (1874)
Baltimore Cup (1875)
Saratoga Cup (1875)
U.S. Racing Hall of Fame (2018)
Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course
(2nd leg of the U.S. Triple Crown series)

Preakness (1867–1881) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse. He was sired by the famed leading sire Lexington out of a mare named Bay Leaf. Preakness was from Milton Holbrook Sanford's Preakness Stud in Preakness, Wayne Township, New Jersey.[2]

Racing career[edit]

Preakness upset the heavily favored colt, Foster, to win the inaugural running of the Dixie Stakes (then known as the Dinner Party Stakes) on October 25, 1870, the opening day of Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. He continued his racing career until age 9 with a record of 18-12-2 in 39 starts.


After his retirement from racing, Preakness was sold to stand at stud in England. He later became temperamental, as did his new owner, the Duke of Hamilton. After an altercation where Preakness refused to obey the Duke during a breeding session, he retrieved a gun and killed the colt, leading to a public outcry. As a result, there was a reform in the laws regarding the treatment of animals.[3] Mr Sanford, the previous owner of Preakness, donated his trophy from the Dinner Party Stakes to the new race named in honour of the horse.[4]

Preakness Stakes[edit]

In honor of winning the first Dixie Stakes, a new stakes race was named in honor of Preakness: The Preakness Stakes.[5]

In 2018, Preakness was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame.[6]


Pedigree of Preakness, dark bay colt, 1867
Boston Timoleon Sir Archy
Saltram mare
Sister to Tuckahoe Balls Florizel
Alderman mare
Alice Carneal Sarpedon Emilius*
Rowena Sumpter
Lady Grey
Bay Leaf
Yorkshire St. Nicholas Emilius*
Sea Mew
Miss Rose Tramp
Sancho mare
Maria Black Filho Da Puta Haphazard
Mrs. Barnet
Smolensko mare Smolensko
Sir Peter mare (family: 9)

Sire line tree[edit]

  • Preakness[7]
    • Fiddler
      • Jummy


  1. ^ "Fairman Rogers Collection: Famous horses of America". University of Pennsylvania digital library. 1942-06-27. Retrieved 2016-07-22.
  2. ^ Origin of the "Preakness" - Retrieved May 17, 2009 Archived May 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Wayne's Most Famous Resident The Horse "Preakness"". Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Wayne's Most Famous Resident - The Horse Preakness - Passaic County Historical Society". Archived from the original on 2003-05-23.
  5. ^ "Belmont Stakes 101". Retrieved 2016-07-22.
  6. ^ "Fairman Rogers Collection: Famous horses of America". University of Pennsylvania digital library. 1942-06-27. Retrieved 2016-07-22.
  7. ^ Herod Sire Line