William Douglas-Hamilton, 12th Duke of Hamilton

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His Grace
The Duke of Hamilton
William Douglas 12th Duke of Hamilton, 1863.jpg
Born(1845-03-12)12 March 1845
Died16 May 1895(1895-05-16) (aged 50)
Title12th Duke of Hamilton
Other titles9th Duke of Brandon
2nd Duke of Châtellerault
8th Earl of Selkirk
Spouse(s)Lady Mary Montagu
IssueMary Louise Graham, Duchess of Montrose
ParentsWilliam Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton
Princess Marie Amelie of Baden

William Alexander Louis Stephen Douglas-Hamilton, 12th Duke of Hamilton, 9th Duke of Brandon, 2nd Duke of Châtellerault KT (12 March 1845 in London – 16 May 1895 in Algiers) was a Scottish nobleman.


He was the son of William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton and Princess Marie of Baden, the adoptive granddaughter of Napoleon Bonaparte. Hamilton was born at Connaught Place, London.

Pictured in Suffolk Celebrities, 1893

Hamilton was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford.

A description of Hamilton :"at Christchurch he went in for boxing, as he went in later for horse-racing, yachting and other amusements... He was full bodied, of a rudely ruddy complexion, had a powerful neck, and seemed strong enough to fell an ox with his fist... He had a frankness of speech bordering on rudeness".[1]

On 10 December 1873, he married Lady Mary Montagu, daughter of William Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester, at Kimbolton Castle and they had one daughter:

Lady Mary Louise Douglas-Hamilton, portrait by Philip de László, 1912

In 1867 he was close to financial ruin when his race horse Cortolvin won the Grand National Steeplechase at Aintree. In addition to substantial prize money he also took some £16,000 from the bookmakers, restoring his fortune.

He died at Algiers in 1895, aged 50 and the title passed to his fourth cousin the thirteenth Duke.



  1. ^ Cokayne, G.E.; Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed.. 13 volumes in 14. 1910–1959. Reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000.

External links[edit]

Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
William Hamilton
Duke of Hamilton
Succeeded by
Alfred Douglas-Hamilton
Preceded by
Charles Douglas-Hamilton
Earl of Selkirk
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Hamilton
Duke of Brandon
Succeeded by
Alfred Douglas-Hamilton
French nobility
Preceded by
James Hamilton
Duke of Châtellerault