Prelude, Op. 28, No. 4 (Chopin)
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Hans von Bülow called the prelude "suffocation", due to its sense of despair. In fact, Chopin's last dynamic marking in the piece is smorzando, which means "dying away". But the prelude may have once been given a title. According to George Sand's daughter Solange, who stayed with the composer at the monastery in Majorca when the preludes were written, "My mother gave a title to each of Chopin’s wonderful Preludes; these titles have been preserved on a score he gave to us."  That titled score is lost. But Solange did record the names of the preludes, apparently without assigning the names to the prelude numbers. It is believed that the title "Quelles larmes au fond du cloître humide?" ("What tears [are shed] from the depths of the damp monastery?") corresponds to Prelude No. 4.
- Antonio Carlos Jobim's song "Insensatez" is based on the Prelude No. 4.
- Serge Gainsbourg based his 1969 song "Jane B" on this prelude.
- Jack Nicholson's character plays the prelude in its entirety in the 1970 film Five Easy Pieces.
- This piece is featured in The West Wing Episode Han, and is used as the embodiment of Han, for which "There is no literal English translation. It's a state of mind. Of soul, really. A sadness. A sadness so deep no tears will come. And yet still there's hope."
- The 2002 film The Pianist has this composition on its soundtrack.
- It is included on the soundtrack to the 2004 film The Notebook.
- The Radiohead song "Exit Music (For a Film)", which was written for the film Romeo + Juliet, and which featured on the band's album OK Computer, is based on the Prelude No. 4.
- The piece is featured in the 1961 British thriller Taste of Fear (US title: Scream of Fear).
- Musician Rob Dougan composed and recorded "Clubbed To Death 2", a song which uses the prelude for most of its musical structure.
- It is used in the soundtrack to the motion picture, Death Wish II (1982), although the composition is credited to Jimmy Page.
- Halfway through the 1931 film Street Scene, the prelude is faintly played in one of the apartments, as a piano–violin duet.
- The French rap band Suprême NTM sampled it for their song called "That's My People".
- An ambient chiptune musical arrangement entitled "Continuum" by Rich Vreeland is played during the normal ending of the video game Fez.
- Benjamin Zander talks in depth about the prelude in talks (the most notable being his TED2008 appearance) to persuade the public that Classical music is enjoyable by everyone.
- Don Byron covered Prelude No. 4 on clarinet in a track named "Charley's Prelude" on his album "Bug Music".
- This piece is played in the opening scene of the second season of The 100, when Clarke is being held in quarantine in Mount Weather
- An uncredited string adaptation of this piece is featured in the soundtrack to the film A Tale of Two Cities, serving as the condemned seamstress's theme.
- Other musicians, such as Jimmy Page from legendary rock band Led Zeppelin, have also made contemporary arrangements of this piece.
- Meryl Streep's and Simon Helberg's characters play this piece together in a poignant moment in the 2016 film Florence Foster Jenkins.
- The 1945 British film A Place of One's Own features the piece when the ghost first possesses Annette (portrayed by Margaret Lockwood).
- In the web series The Filthy Frank Show, the death of a character named Fake Frank (played by George Miller) is accompanied by Prelude No. 4 played in a lower pitch.
- Chopin: Pianist and Teacher as Seen by His Pupils", by Jean-Jacques Eigeldinger, paperback p. 281
- List of Solange's names of the Preludes
- Biamonte, Nicole (2012). "Variations on a Scheme: Bach's 'Crucifixus' and Chopin's and Scriabin's E-Minor Preludes". Intégral. 26: 73. JSTOR 23629590.
- "Five Easy Pieces". IMDb. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- Benjamin, Zander. "The Transformative Power of Classical Music". TED. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
- DVD at ca. 1:57:12 to 1:59:13, plus a reprise at ca. 2:03:13 to 2:03:51.
- "Classical Made Modern - contemporary arrangements of classical music". Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- currennelson (2011-04-20), Jimmy Page Prelude No 4 in E minor, Op 28, retrieved 2016-07-03