Fatal Attraction

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Fatal Attraction
Fatal Attraction poster.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byAdrian Lyne
Screenplay byJames Dearden
Based onDiversion
by James Dearden
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyHoward Atherton
Edited by
Music byMaurice Jarre
Production
company
Jaffe/Lansing Productions
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release dates
  • September 16, 1987 (1987-09-16) (New York City)
  • September 18, 1987 (1987-09-18) (United States)
Running time
119 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$14 million
Box office$320.1 million[1]

Fatal Attraction is a 1987 American psychological thriller film directed by Adrian Lyne from a screenplay by James Dearden, based on his 1980 short film Diversion. Starring Michael Douglas, Glenn Close, and Anne Archer, the film centers on a married man who has a weekend affair with a woman who refuses to allow it to end and becomes obsessed with him.

Fatal Attraction was released on September 18, 1987, by Paramount Pictures. It received positive reviews from critics, but generated controversy at the time of its release. The film became a huge box office success, grossing $320 million against a $14 million budget, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1987 worldwide. At the 60th Academy Awards, it received six nominations: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actress (for Close), Best Supporting Actress (for Archer), Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Film Editing.

Plot[edit]

Daniel "Dan" Gallagher is a successful, happily-married Manhattan lawyer whose work leads him to meet Alexandra "Alex" Forrest, an editor for a publishing company. While his wife, Beth, and daughter, Ellen, are out of town for the weekend, Dan has an affair with Alex. Although it was initially understood by both as just a fling, Alex begins to cling to him.

After leaving unexpectedly in the middle of the night, Dan reluctantly spends the following day with Alex after she persistently asks him over. When Dan attempts to leave again, she cuts her wrists in a manipulative ploy to force him to stay. He helps her bandage the cuts, stays with her overnight to make sure she is all right, and leaves in the morning. Although Dan believes the affair to be forgotten, Alex shows up at his office one day to apologize for her behavior and invites him to a performance of Madame Butterfly, but he politely turns her down. She then continues to call him at his office until he tells his secretary that he will no longer take her calls.

Alex then phones Dan's home at all hours, claiming that she is pregnant and plans to keep the baby. Although he wants nothing to do with her, she argues that he must take responsibility. After he changes his home phone number, she shows up at his apartment (which is for sale) and meets Beth, feigning interest as a buyer. Later that night, Dan goes to Alex's apartment to confront her, which results in a scuffle. In response, she replies that she will not be ignored.

Dan moves his family to Bedford, but this does not deter Alex. She has a tape recording delivered to him filled with verbal abuse. She stalks him in a parking garage, pours acid onto his car, ruining the engine, and follows him home one night to spy on him, Beth, and Ellen from the bushes in their yard: the sight of the family makes her sick to her stomach. Her obsession escalates further when Dan approaches the police to apply for a restraining order against Alex (claiming that it is "for a client"). The lieutenant claims that he cannot violate her rights without probable cause, and that the "client" has to own up to his adultery.

At one point, while the Gallaghers are not home, Alex kills Ellen's pet rabbit, and puts it on their stove to boil; Beth finds the pot and screams in terror. After this, Dan admits the affair and Alex's supposed pregnancy to Beth. Enraged, she tells Dan to leave. Before he goes, Dan calls Alex to tell her that Beth knows about the affair. Beth gets on the phone and warns Alex that she will kill her if she persists. Without Dan and Beth's knowledge, Alex picks up Ellen from school and takes her to an amusement park. Beth panics when she cannot find Ellen. She drives around frantically searching and rear-ends a car stopped at an intersection which causes her to be injured and hospitalized. Alex drops Ellen off at home unharmed, asking her for a kiss on the cheek.

Dan barges into Alex's apartment and attacks her, strangling her and coming close to killing her. He stops himself, but as he does, she lunges at him with a kitchen knife. He overpowers her but decides to put the knife down and leave, while Alex is leaning against the kitchen counter, smiling. The police begin to search for her after Dan tells them about the kidnapping. Following Beth's release from the hospital, she forgives Dan, and they return home.

Beth prepares a bath for herself when Alex suddenly appears with the kitchen knife and explains her belief that Beth is standing in the way of having Dan to herself, before proceeding to attack her. Dan hears the screaming, rushes in, wrestles Alex into the bathtub, and seemingly drowns her. She suddenly emerges from the water, swinging the knife, but Beth arrives with Dan's revolver and shoots Alex in the chest, finally killing her. The final scene shows police cars outside the Gallaghers' house. As Dan finishes delivering his statement to the police, he walks inside, where Beth is waiting for him. They embrace and proceed to the living room as the camera focuses on a picture of the family.

Cast[edit]

Michael Douglas portrays Daniel "Dan" Gallagher

Production[edit]

Writing[edit]

The film was adapted by James Dearden (with assistance from Nicholas Meyer)[2] from Diversion, an earlier 1980 short film by Dearden for British television. In Meyer's book The View from the Bridge: Memories of Star Trek and a Life in Hollywood, he explains that in late 1986 producer Stanley R. Jaffe asked him to look at the script developed by Dearden, and he wrote a four-page memo making suggestions, including a new ending. A few weeks later Meyer met with director Adrian Lyne and gave him some additional suggestions. Ultimately Meyer was asked to redraft the script on the basis of his suggestions, which ended up being the shooting script.

Casting[edit]

Producers Sherry Lansing and Stanley R. Jaffe both had serious doubts about casting Glenn Close because they did not think she could be sexual enough for the role of Alex.[3] Barbara Hershey was originally considered for the role.[4] Several actresses auditioned for the part, but they were almost all turned down.[4] Close was persistent, and after meeting with Jaffe several times in New York, she was asked to fly out to Los Angeles to read with Michael Douglas in front of Adrian Lyne and Lansing. Before the audition, she let her naturally frizzy hair "go wild" because she was impatient at putting it up, and she wore a slimming black dress she thought made her look "fabulous" to the audition.[5] This impressed Lansing, because Close "came in looking completely different...right away she was into the part."[6] Close and Douglas performed a scene from early in the script, where Alex flirts with Dan in a café, and Close came away "convinced my career was over, that I was finished, I had completely blown my chances."[3] Lansing and Lyne, however, were both convinced that she was right for the role; Lyne stated that "an extraordinary erotic transformation took place. She was this tragic, bewildering mix of sexuality and rage—I watched Alex come to life."[7]

To prepare for her role, Close consulted several psychologists, hoping to understand Alex's psyche and motivations. She was uncomfortable with the bunny boiling scene, which she thought was too extreme, but she was assured on consulting the psychologists that such an action was entirely possible and that Alex's behavior corresponded to someone who had experienced incestual sexual abuse as a child.[3]

Alternate ending[edit]

Alex Forrest was originally scripted slashing her throat at the film's end with the knife Dan had left on the counter, so as to make it appear that Dan had murdered her. After seeing her husband being taken away by police, Beth finds a revealing cassette tape that Alex sent Dan in which she threatens to kill herself. Upon realizing Alex's intentions, Beth takes the tape to the police, who clear Dan of the murder. The last scene shows, in flashback, Alex taking her own life by slashing her throat while listening to Madame Butterfly.

After doing test screenings, Joseph Farrell (who handled the test screenings) suggested that Paramount shoot a new ending.[8][9]

In the 2002 Special Edition DVD, Close comments that she had doubts about re-shooting the film's ending because she believed the character would "self-destruct and commit suicide".[10] Close eventually gave in on her concerns, and filmed the new sequence after having fought against the change for two weeks.[10] Close has described how protective she was of her character, whom she "never thought of as a villain",[11] stating that: "I wasn't playing a generality, I wasn't playing a cliché. I was playing a very specific, deeply disturbed, fragile human being, whom I had grown to love."[3] However, though the ending made Alex into a "psychopath" against Close's wishes, she has also acknowledged that the film would not have experienced the enormous success it did without the new ending, because it gave the audience "a sense of catharsis, a hope, that somehow the family unit would survive the nightmare."[3]

The film's first Japanese release used the original ending. The original ending also appeared on a special edition VHS and LaserDisc release by Paramount in 1992, and was included on the film's DVD release a decade later.[12]

Home media[edit]

A Special Collector's Edition of the film was released on DVD in 2002.[13] Paramount released Fatal Attraction on Blu-ray Disc on June 9, 2009.[14] The Blu-ray contained several bonus features from the 2002 DVD, including commentary by director Adrian Lyne, cast and crew interviews, a look at the film's cultural phenomenon, a behind-the-scenes look, rehearsal footage, the alternative ending, and the original theatrical trailer. In April 2020 a remastered Blu-ray Disc was released by Paramount Home Entertainment under their Paramount Presents series. Included was a new interview with the director titled Filmmaker Focus, previous rehearsal footage but excluding some of the extra features from previous releases.[15] Paramount released the film on 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray in the U.S. on September 13, 2022.[16]

Reception and legacy[edit]

Fatal Attraction spent eight weeks at number 1 in the US where it was the second-highest-grossing film of 1987, behind Three Men and a Baby. In the UK it grossed a record £2,048,421 in its opening week and spent ten weeks at number one.[17] In Australia, it was the first non-Australian film to gross A$2 million in its opening week, second to Crocodile Dundee.[18] It grossed $320.1 million worldwide, making it the year's biggest film.[19] This success led to similar psychological thrillers being made in the late 1980s and 1990s. Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a rating of 75% based on reviews from 55 critics, with an average rating of 6.80/10. The site's consensus reads, "A potboiler in the finest sense, Fatal Attraction is a sultry, juicy thriller that's hard to look away from once it gets going."[20] On Metacritic, the film has a rating of 67/100 based on reviews from 16 critics.[21] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale.[22]

Time magazine film critic Richard Corliss said "[The film brings] horror home to a place where the grownup moviegoer actually lives."[23] The New York Times Janet Maslin said the film would become a long-standing favorite with audiences, writing "Years hence, it will be possible to pinpoint the exact moment that produced Fatal Attraction, Adrian Lyne's new romantic thriller, and the precise circumstances that made it a hit."[24] Fatal Attraction engendered discussion of the consequences of infidelity as some feminists did not appreciate the depiction of a strong career woman who is a psychopath.[10]

Author Susan Faludi discussed the film in Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women, arguing that major changes had been made to the original plot in order to make Alex wholly negative, while Dan's carelessness and the lack of compassion and responsibility raised no discussion, except for a small number of men's groups who said that Dan was eventually forced to own up to his irresponsibility in that "everyone pays the piper".[25] Close was quoted in 2008 as saying, "Men still come up to me and say, 'You scared the shit out of me.' Sometimes they say, 'You saved my marriage.'"[26] Critic Barry Norman expressed sympathy for feminists who were frustrated by the film, criticized its "over-the-top" ending and called it inferior to Clint Eastwood's Play Misty for Me, which has a similar plot. Nonetheless, he declared it "strong and very well made, excellently played by the three main characters and neatly written".[27] Fatal Attraction has been described as a neo-noir film by some authors.[28]

Fatal Attraction was the first foreign film to be distributed by United International Pictures. In September 1988, Korean film distributors protested this release by "releasing snakes, setting fire in the theatres, and tearing off the screens."[29]

The character of Alex Forrest has been discussed by psychiatrists and film experts, and has been used as a film illustration for the condition borderline personality disorder,[30] The character displays the behaviours of impulsivity, emotional lability, frantic efforts to avoid abandonment, frequent severe anger, self-harming, and changing from idealization to devaluation; these traits are consistent with the diagnosis but not to this degree, generally, aggression tends to be towards the self rather than others.[31]

As referenced in Orit Kamir's Every Breath You Take: Stalking Narratives and the Law, "Glenn Close's character Alex is quite deliberately made to be an erotomaniac. Gelder reports that Close "consulted three separate shrinks for an inner profile of her character, who is meant to be suffering from a form of an obsessive condition known as de Clérambault's syndrome" (Gelder 1990, 93–94).[32] The term "bunny boiler" is used to describe an obsessive, spurned woman, deriving from the scene where it is discovered that Alex has boiled the family's pet rabbit.[33][34][35][36]

Accolades and honors[edit]

Award Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards[37] Best Picture Stanley R. Jaffe and Sherry Lansing Nominated
Best Director Adrian Lyne Nominated
Best Actress Glenn Close Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Anne Archer Nominated
Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium James Dearden Nominated
Best Film Editing Michael Kahn and Peter E. Berger Nominated
American Cinema Editors Awards Best Edited Feature Film Nominated
Artios Awards[38] Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Casting – Drama Risa Bramon Garcia and Billy Hopkins Nominated
ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Top Box Office Films Maurice Jarre Won
British Academy Film Awards[39] Best Actor in a Leading Role Michael Douglas Nominated
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Anne Archer Nominated
Best Editing Michael Kahn and Peter E. Berger Won
David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Actor Michael Douglas Nominated
Best Foreign Actress Glenn Close Nominated
Directors Guild of America Awards[40] Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Adrian Lyne Nominated
DVD Exclusive Awards Original Retrospective Documentary, Library Release Jon Barbour Nominated
Golden Globe Awards[41] Best Motion Picture – Drama Nominated
Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama Glenn Close Nominated
Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Anne Archer Nominated
Best Director – Motion Picture Adrian Lyne Nominated
Goldene Kamera Golden Screen Won
Best International Actor Michael Douglas Won
Best International Actress Glenn Close Won
Grammy Awards[42] Best Album of Original Instrumental Background Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Maurice Jarre Nominated
Japan Academy Film Prize Outstanding Foreign Language Film Nominated
National Board of Review Awards[43] Top Ten Films 7th Place
People's Choice Awards Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture Won
Saturn Awards Best Writing James Dearden Nominated
Writers Guild of America Awards[44] Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium Nominated

American Film Institute recognition

Adaptations[edit]

Play[edit]

A play based on the movie opened in London's West End at the Theatre Royal Haymarket in March 2014.[47] It was adapted by the movie's original screenwriter James Dearden.[48]

TV series[edit]

On July 2, 2015, Fox announced that a TV series based on the film was being developed by Mad Men writers Maria and Andre Jacquemetton.[49] On January 13, 2017, it was announced that the project was canceled.[50]

On February 24, 2021, it was announced that Paramount+ planned to reboot the film as a series for their platform. It would be written by Alexandra Cunningham and Kevin J. Hynes and produced by Cunningham, Hynes, Justin Falvey and Darryl Frank of Amblin Entertainment, Stanley Jaffe, and Sherry Lansing.[51] On November 11, Lizzy Caplan was announced to play Alex Forrest in the new series and Joshua Jackson joined as Dan Gallagher.[52]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fatal Attraction". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on October 30, 2019. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
  2. ^ Meyer, Nicholas (2009). The View from the Bridge: Memories of Star Trek and a Life in Hollywood. Penguin Books. ISBN 9781101133477. Archived from the original on May 5, 2021. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e Oxford Union (May 4, 2018). Glenn Close Full Address & Q&A Oxford Union. YouTube.com. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Fretts, Bruce (September 14, 2017). "'Fatal Attraction' Oral History: Rejected Stars and a Foul Rabbit". The New York Times.
  5. ^ Jess Cagle (October 7, 2011). "From the archives: Fatal Attraction's Glenn Close, Michael Douglas reunite". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 18, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  6. ^ Fatal Attraction (1987) The Making Of Part 1 & 2. YouTube.com. September 5, 2017. Archived from the original on May 1, 2020. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  7. ^ James S. Kunen (October 26, 1987). "The Dark Side of Love". People Magazine. Archived from the original on August 18, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  8. ^ Weber, Bruce (December 26, 2011). "Joseph Farrell, Who Used Market Research to Shape Films, Dies at 76". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 7, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  9. ^ "SHADOW FORCE". Los Angeles Times. November 7, 1999. Archived from the original on August 8, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c Remembering Fatal Attraction 2002 DVD Special Features
  11. ^ Fatal Attraction Reunion Interview. YouTube.com. March 6, 2010. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  12. ^ "Fatal Attraction (Special Collector's Edition) (1987)". Amazon (United States). April 16, 2002. Archived from the original on February 14, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  13. ^ "Fatal Attraction (Special Collector's Edition) [DVD] (2002)". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
  14. ^ "Fatal Attraction [Blu-ray]". Archived from the original on January 20, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
  15. ^ "Fatal attraction Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. April 21, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  16. ^ "Fatal Attraction (1987) 4k Remaster Dated For Ultra HD Blu-ray". Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  17. ^ "The Biggest Opening Week Ever in the UK and Ireland (advertisement)". Screen International. January 30, 1988. pp. 8–9.
  18. ^ Urban, Andrew (January 16, 1988). "Records Fall to Fatal Attraction". Screen International. p. 11.
  19. ^ "Fatal Attraction". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on November 28, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2007.
  20. ^ "Fatal Attraction (1987)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on September 26, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2022.
  21. ^ "Fatal Attraction Reviews". Metacritic. September 18, 1987. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  22. ^ "Cinemascore :: Movie Title Search". December 20, 2018. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  23. ^ Schickel, Richard (September 28, 1987). "Cinema: The War Between the Mates". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  24. ^ Maslin, Janet (September 18, 1987). "Film: 'Fatal Attraction' With Douglas and Close". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  25. ^ See "Fatal and Foetal Visions: The Backlash in the Movies", Chapter 5 of Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women, published by Chatto & Windus, 1991
  26. ^ "Close says boiling that bunny saved marriages". The Times. January 6, 2008. Archived from the original on April 18, 2018. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  27. ^ "Barry Norman Reviews Fatal Attraction". Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved April 28, 2019 – via www.youtube.com.
  28. ^ Silver, Alain; Ward, Elizabeth; eds. (1992). Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference to the American Style (3rd ed.). Woodstock, New York: The Overlook Press. ISBN 0-87951-479-5
  29. ^ "Cultural and creative sectors". OECD. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  30. ^ Robinson, David J. (1999). The Field Guide to Personality Disorders. Rapid Psychler Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-9680324-6-6.
  31. ^ Wedding D, Boyd MA, Niemiec RM (2005). Movies and Mental Illness: Using Films to Understand Psychopathology. Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-88937-292-4.
  32. ^ Kamir, Orit (2001). Every Breath You Take: Stalking Narratives and the Law. University of Michigan Press. pp. 256. ISBN 978-0-472-11089-6.
  33. ^ Singh, Anita. "Fatal Attraction: My sympathy for the bunny-boiler". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 11, 2014. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  34. ^ "The meaning and origin of the expression: Bunny boiler". phrases.org.uk. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  35. ^ Fretts, Bruce (September 14, 2017). "Fatal Attraction Oral History: Rejected Stars and a Foul Rabbit". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 22, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  36. ^ Alexander, Bryan (December 17, 2019). "Fatal Attraction at 30: Glenn Close has empathy for her bunny boiler Alex Forrest". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  37. ^ "The 60th Academy Awards (1988) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  38. ^ "Nominees/Winners". Casting Society of America. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  39. ^ "BAFTA Awards: Film in 1989". BAFTA. 1989. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  40. ^ "40th DGA Awards". Directors Guild of America Awards. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  41. ^ "Fatal Attraction – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  42. ^ "1988 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
  43. ^ "1987 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  44. ^ "Awards Winners". wga.org. Writers Guild of America. Archived from the original on December 5, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2010.
  45. ^ "America's Most Heart-Pounding Movies" (PDF). AFI. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  46. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains". AFI. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  47. ^ "Fatal Attraction and Strangers On A Train head to West End stage". bbc.co.uk/news. BBC News. September 20, 2013. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  48. ^ "'Fatal Attraction' to become a stage play, will debut in London". Los Angeles Times. September 23, 2013. Archived from the original on September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  49. ^ FATAL ATTRACTION Reboot Brewing at Fox|Collider
  50. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (January 13, 2017). "'Fatal Attraction' TV Remake Not Moving Forward At Fox". Archived from the original on October 27, 2020. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  51. ^ White, Peter (February 24, 2021). "'Love Story', 'Italian Job', 'The Parallax View', 'Flashdance' & 'Fatal Attraction' Reboots In Works At Paramount+". Deadline. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  52. ^ "Joshua Jackson To Star In 'Fatal Attraction' TV Series At Paramount+". Deadline. January 20, 2022.

External links[edit]