The prieto picudo is one of the major grapes of wines of denomination of origin (DO) Spanish Tierra de León. It is a variety with many colouring matter, a remarkable acidity and lots of sugar and tannin. This concentration gives wines a special and different taste.
DO Tierra de Leon includes Leonese municipalities and some vallisoletan. The main grapes of this DO are mencía, the prieto picudo and tempranillo. But without a doubt, the particularity of this land that the difference of the other wine regions in the world, is undoubtedly its variety native prieto picudo.
It is native to the area of Valdevimbre, Los Oteros and the banks of the river Cea, in León, and currently occupies an area of 3,000 hectares of vineyards. Today the area is part of the area of the according to the order APA/1819/2007.1 by which updates annex V, classification of the varieties of vine, of Royal Decree 1472 / 2000, of 4 August, which regulates the potential of wine production, the prieto picudo is recommended for the region of León and is licensed in Andalusia.
Some wineries that produce wine of prieto picudo in the region are: Leyenda del Páramo (Valdevimbre), la Cooperativa Vinícola Comarcal (Valdevimbre), Montegrande (Valdevimbre), Barcillo (Vadevimbre), Wineries Julio Crespo (Villalmán), Gondonzello (Gordoncillo) Gordonzello and Dominio DosTares (Pajares de los Oteros).
Prieto picudo grape is distinguished easily distinguished by its tight cluster and berries shaped oval and finished in tip, hence the name of the variety; prieto and Berry cluster beaked shaped. Their skin is bluish-black, and its flavor and aroma is sweet and intense.
The old vines have buried head and extended on the ground, something completely unusual branches. This makes your pruning is different to any other, much more sacrificed, the disposal of branches forces you to make her knees, is famous and only pruning in Harrow.
It is planted in trellis system, to improve their production, without that it has been established that pruning is the most convenient, safest is thumb and Rod, which ensures a good output, but has the disadvantage of a good make in pruning and later attached.
Varietal wines from this grape have similar characteristics to the tempranillo. Gives rise to personal and very aromatic wines, although rather light with respect to the color.
With this grape occurs a "vino de aguja", made with the "madreo method". The process of this wine is to cause a slow second fermentation, which improves its quality, giving the typical spicy natural CO2 dissolved, without being sparkling. This second fermentation is achieved by adding must, grapes picked and whole of prieto picudo. The highest proportion of grape prieto picudo is required throughout the process.
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