Primary carbon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Primary Carbon
Propan (Primäre Kohlenstoffatome) V1.svg
Structural formula of propane (primary carbons are highlighted red)

A primary carbon is a carbon atom which is bound to only one other carbon atom. It is thus at the end of a carbon chain. In case of an alkane, three hydrogen atoms are bound to a primary carbon (see propane in the figure on the right). A hydrogen atom could also be replaced by a hydroxy group, which would make the molecule a primary alcohol.[1]


primary carbon secondary carbon tertiary carbon quaternary carbon
General structure
(R = Organyl group)
frameless=1.0 frameless=1.0 frameless=1.0 frameless=1.0
Partial
Structural formula
frameless=1.0 frameless=1.0 frameless=1.0 frameless=1.0

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hans Peter Latscha, Uli Kazmaier, Helmut Alfons Klein (2016) (in German), Organische Chemie: Chemie-Basiswissen II (7. Auflage ed.), Berlin: Springer Spektrum, p. 40, ISBN 978-3-662-46180-8