Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia

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Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia
Unrecognized state (1994–1996)
Client state of China (1996–1998)
1994–1998
Flag
Flag
Location of the present-day Pailin Province in Cambodia, the
capital of the Provisional Government between 1994 and 1998.
Capital Pailin
Languages Cambodian
Government Provisional
Prime Minister Khieu Samphan
Historical era Post-Cold War
 •  Established July 11, 1994
 •  Dissolved June 22, 1998
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Cambodia
Cambodia

The Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia (PGNUNSC) was an Internationally unrecognized and ostensibly provisional government set up by the Khmer Rouge on July 11, 1994[1] in opposition to the established Kingdom of Cambodia. Its Prime Minister was Khieu Samphan (who was also head of the armed forces) and its Deputy Prime Minister (in charge also of foreign affairs) was Son Sen. It was staffed by members of the Cambodian National Unity Party. Areas it controlled included Pailin (the capital of the provisional government) and Preah Vihear (where it was based.[2]) The Khmer Rouge radio station was also known as the "Radio of the Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia."[3] Other ministers included Chan Youran, Mak Ben, In Sopheap, Kor Bun Heng, Pich Cheang and Chuon Choeun.[4]

In August 1996 senior Khmer Rouge official Ieng Sary defected from the KR with two armed divisions and the formation of his own party, the Democratic National Union Movement, which in turn encouraged more defections from the KR as Pol Pot ordered the assassinations of Son Sen (which was successful) and Ta Mok (which was not.)[5] In mid-June 1997 Khieu Samphan (who had by now founded the Khmer National Solidarity Party) denounced Pol Pot and began discussing demobilization and a return to civilian life.[6]

With Pol Pot's death in April 1998 and widespread sentiment within the Khmer Rouge for an end to an almost 20-year conflict, Khieu Samphan and Ta Mok dissolved the provisional government on June 22, 1998.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Foreign Broadcast Information Service. Daily report: East Asia. Index, Volume 16, Part 2. NewsBank. 1996. p. 456.
  2. ^ Alan John Day. Political Parties of the World. 1996. p. 110.
  3. ^ Human Rights Watch. Cambodia At War. 1995. p. 25.
  4. ^ International Federation of Social Science Organizations. Transition Regimes: Political and Socio-Economic Transformations. 1998. p. 157.
  5. ^ Donald F. Busky. Communism in History and Theory: Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. 2002. p. 38.
  6. ^ Far East and Australasia 2003. 2002. p. 236.
  7. ^ Sucheng Chan. Survivors: Cambodian Refugees in the United States. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press. 2004. p. 255.