Striated wrasse

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Striated wrasse
Pseudocheilinus evanidus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Labriformes
Family: Labridae
Genus: Pseudocheilinus
Species:
P. evanidus
Binomial name
Pseudocheilinus evanidus

The striated wrasse (Pseudocheilinus evanidus), also known as the disappearing wrasse, pinstripe wrasse or scarlet wrasse, is a species of marine ray-finned fish from the family Labridae, the wrasses. It has a wide Indo-Pacific distribution. This species can also be found in the aquarium trade.

Description[edit]

The striated wrasse is a small species of wrasse with an overall reddish colour with 24 fine longitudinal white lines on its body and sometimes showing 5-6 dark horizontal bars. There is a blue streak below the eye and the gill cover has dark margins.[2] It can grow to 9 cm (3.5 in) in total length.[3] The males and females show similar colourations and patterns but females tend to be less intensely coloured. The striated wrasse shows red fluorescence with the flouresence being on the bony scales and fin rays.[1]

Distribution[edit]

The striated wrasse has a wide distribution in the Indian Oceam and in the Western Pacific Ocean from Africa to Hawaii. In the western Indian Ocean its range extends from the Red Sea off Jordan to South Africa, and it has been recorded from the Seychelles, Aldabra, Réunion, Mozambique and Pemba in Tanzania.[1] In the Pacific Ocean it is found from the Izu Islands in Japan in the north and from Australia to Hawaii in the east and the Marquesas Islands in the south.[3]

Habitat and biology[edit]

The striated wrasse is a solitary and secretive benthopelagic wrasse which is found on the seaward slopes of reefs among patches of rubble or branching corals at depths of 6–40 metres (20–131 ft), or more, but it is infrequent at depths of less than 20 metres (66 ft). It is a carnivorous species which feeds on small benthic invertrebrates. It is an [[Ovipary|oviparous] species which shows pairing during spawning[3] and in Japan breeding is thought to occur in the summer.[1]

Species description[edit]

Pseudocheilinus evanidus was first formally described in 1903 by David Starr Jordan and Barton Warren Evermann, the holotype was collected from Henshaw's pool near Hilo on Hawaii Island.[4]

Human usage[edit]

Straited wrasse are collected as food by Sea Gypsies in some parts of Thailand and it is also used in the aquarium trade.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bertoncini, A. (2010). "Pseudocheilinus evanidus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T187658A8593063. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187658A8593063.en. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  2. ^ Dianne J. Bray. "Pseudocheilinus evanidus". Fishes of Australia. Museums Victoria. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). evanidus"Pseudocheilinus evanidus" in FishBase. August 2019 version.
  4. ^ Eschmeyer, W. N.; R. Fricke & R. van der Laan (eds.). "Pseudocheilinus evanidus". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 27 January 2020.

External links[edit]