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Bois Bigaignon - Psiloxylon mauritianum - Ferney Mauritius 2.jpg
Psiloxylon mauritianum tree growing in Vallée de Ferney reserve, Mauritius.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Psiloxyloideae
Tribe: Psiloxyleae
Genus: Psiloxylon
Thouars ex Tul.
Species: P. mauritianum
Binomial name
Psiloxylon mauritianum
(Bouton ex Hook.f.) Baill.

Fropiera mauritiana Bouton ex Hook. f.

Psiloxylon mauritianum (known locally as "Bois Bigaignon") is a species of flowering plant, the sole species of genus Psiloxylon. It is endemic to the Mascarene Islands (Mauritius and Réunion) in the Indian Ocean.

It is a white-barked evergreen tree, bearing essential oils.

It was formerly placed alone in family Psiloxylaceae, but is now considered a basal member of the family Myrtaceae.