Pulhamite

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Waterfall in Albion Place Gardens, Ramsgate
Folly in Sydenham Hill Wood
Pulhamite grotto at Wotton House, Surrey.
Pulhamite cliff walk at Bawdsey Manor
Zig-zag Path in Folkestone

Pulhamite was a patented anthropic rock 'material' invented by James Pulham (1820–98) of the firm James Pulham and Son of Broxbourne.

Pulhamite, which usually looked like gritty sandstone, was used to join natural rocks together or crafted to simulate natural stone features. It was so realistic that it fooled some geologists of the era.[1] The recipe went to the grave with him.[2] Modern analysis of surviving original Pulhamite have shown it to be a blend of sand, Portland cement and clinker sculpted over a core of rubble and crushed bricks.[3]

Uses[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marion Harney (2014). Gardens and Landscapes in Historic Building Conservation. John Wiley & Sons. p. 460. ISBN 1118508130. 
  2. ^ The Pulham Legacy
  3. ^ James Stevens Curl and Susan Wilson (2015). The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture. Oxford University Press. p. 606. ISBN 0199674981. 
  4. ^ "Rock Gardens and Cascade, Ramsgate". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "History of Dunorlan Park". tunbridgewellsmuseum.info. 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "Cliff Gardens and Town Hall Garden (1001220)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "Pulhamite Fernery, Bromley Palace Park, Bromley". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Pulhamite Waterfall in Bromley Palace Park, Bromley". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "Pulhamite Rock Islet in Lake at Milton Mount Gardens (Former Worth Park), Crawley". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  10. ^ "Pulhamite Rockery at Milton Mount Gardens (Former Worth Park Gardens), Crawley". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "About Newstead Abbey". www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk. 2012. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Bawdsey Manor Pulhamite Cliff Structures, Bawdsey". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Pulhamite Water Garden". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Pulhamite Caves, Folkestone". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 

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