Puschkinia

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Puschkinia
Puszkinia cebulicowata Puschkinia libanotica IV 2006 1.jpg
Puschkinia scilloides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Puschkinia
Adams[1]
Synonyms[1]

Adamsia Willd.

Puschkinia is a genus of three known species of bulbous perennials in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae.[2] It is native to the Caucasus and the Middle East.[1] Puschkinia scilloides is grown as an ornamental bulbous plant.

Description[edit]

The leaves are green, strap-like, and grow in pairs. The flowers are borne in early spring in racemes up to about 25 cm (10 in) high. The six tepals are joined at the base to form a tube to about half their length. Like members of the genus Chionodoxa, the bases of the stamens are flattened and closely clustered in the middle of the flower; however, unlike Chionodoxa, they are joined to form a cup or corona. In the related genus Scilla (squills), the stamens are not flattened or clustered together. Seeds are borne in three-parted capsules. After the seed ripens in early summer, the plants become dormant until the next spring.[3][4]

Close-up of flower of Puschkinia scilloides

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus Puschkinia was erected by Johann Friedrich Adam in 1805.[1] It is named in honor of the Russian botanist Apollo Mussin-Pushkin.[4] Now placed in the subfamily Scilloideae of the family Asparagaceae,[2] like other lilioid monocots, it was once included in the Liliaceae.

Species[edit]

As of May 2017, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepted three species:[5]

Cultivation[edit]

Puschkinia scilloides is grown as an ornamental bulbous plant, particularly recommended as an early flowering bulb for cool, well drained positions.[3] Puschkinia peshmenii is rare in cultivation.[4]

Culture[edit]

In 1993, an illustration of Puschkinia scilloides was used as a postage stamp in Azerbaijan, with a series of other flowers, including Iris reticulata, Tulipa systola (syn. T. persica), Iris acutiloba, Iris iberica subsp. elegantissima (syn. I. elegantissima) and Tulipa florenskyii.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Puschkinia", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2017-08-08 
  2. ^ a b Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Scilloideae, retrieved 2017-08-08 
  3. ^ a b Mathew, Brian (1987), "Puschkinia", The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, p. 145, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8 
  4. ^ a b c Rix, Martyn & Mathew, Brian (2007), "582. Puschkinia peshmenii", Curtis's Botanical Magazine, 24 (1): 54–57, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8748.2007.00561.x 
  5. ^ "Search for Puschkinia", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2017-05-05 
  6. ^ "Azerbaijan". stampworld.com. Retrieved 7 March 2016. 

External links[edit]