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Putinisation, a term popularised by Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament, is a perceived movement away from liberal democracy in certain Eastern European countries in imitation of the regime of Vladimir Putin in Russia.



In January 2016, Schulz used the term to characterise the Constitutional Court crisis then engulfing Poland, warning of a "dangerous Putinisation of European politics".[1] This referred to actions by the ruling Polish Law and Justice (PiS) attempts to change the makeup and voting rules of the Constitutional Court. Protesters against the reforms carried banners reading “We say no to being Putinized!”[2] The BBC's Newsnight programme subsequently broadcast a segment asking 'Is Poland being Putinised?' which drew complaints from the Polish Foreign Ministry.[3] The claims of "Putinisation" in Poland has been controversial, unlike other right-wing populist parties in Europe, the PiS have longtime of anti-Russian policy stances.

Beyond Poland[edit]

The term has also been used to describe the national populist regime of Hungary's Viktor Orbán[4][5] and the attempts by Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to increase the power of the presidency.[6] It has also been applied to an "intensifying campaign" against human rights organisations in Israel by the government of Benjamin Netanyahu.[7]

The Georgian Human Rights Centre has complained of the "Putinization" of media outlets in Georgia in the early 2000s.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cendrowicz, Leo (17 January 2016). "Polish leaders defend reforms as EU warns of 'dangerous Putinisation of European politics'". The Independent. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Demonstrations take place across Poland against "Putinization"". The Budapest Beacon. 24 January 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  3. ^ Jackson, Jasper (10 February 2016). "Poland protests against BBC 'Putinisation' report". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  4. ^ The Putinization of Hungary December 26, 2010, The Washington Post
  5. ^ Willy, Craig (18 January 2016). "Towards a Putinisation of Central Europe?". EU Observer. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  6. ^ Sevalneva, Maria. "Why the "Putinization" of Turkey Has Failed". Institute of Modern Russia. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  7. ^ Shatz, Adam (18 February 2016). "Israel's Putinisation". London Review of Books. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  8. ^ Eka Kevanishvili, Simon Papuashvili, Putinization of Georgia: Georgian media after the Rose Revolution