|Line(s)||Lübeck–Puttgarden railway (KBS 141)|
|Platforms||6, only 2 in operation|
|Opened||14 May 1963|
Puttgarden station is a major ferry terminal on the Vogelfluglinie (bird flight line) on the island of Fehmarn in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. It lies between the town of Puttgarden and Marienleuchte.
It primarily serves the needs of international long distance traffic, but since the reintroduction of regional traffic on the line it is again of regional importance for Fehmarn.
Operation and History
In 1961, a large ferry terminal was built in Puttgarden and in 1963 it was put into operation together with the Fehmarn Sound Bridge, because the traditional ferry from Germany to Denmark between Rostock-Warnemünde and Gedser was at the time beyond the Iron Curtain, and the replacement route from Großenbrode Quay to Gedser was too complicated.
The ferry terminal was opened on 14 May 1963 by the Danish King Frederik IX and German President Heinrich Lübke. The station was very important from the beginning, since a large proportion of rail freight and passenger traffic was shipped to and from Scandinavia via Puttgarden. This is shown by the large and, since the end of freight traffic on the bird flight line, almost completely idle network of rail tracks.
After the completion of the bridge over the Great Belt in Denmark in 1998, most trains run for financial reasons over a lengthy detour by that route because of the limited track capacity of the roll-on/roll-off ships and to avoid the associated shunting. Freight through the rail yards at Puttgarden was initially partially closed and then closed completely. Simultaneously with the closing of freight traffic in the period from 1996 to 1998, the ferry terminal was modernised by the shipping company Scandlines.
In 2007, the station was completely modernised, including the provision of level access even to the unused platforms along with glass, automatic exit doors and a modern toilet facility with toilets for the disabled. The final stage of this work was the reconstruction of the platform, significantly shortening and slightly raising the platform, and the equipping of the station with a modern lighting and sound system.
The former locomotive-hauled EuroCity service from Hamburg to Copenhagen were replaced in the 1990s by a three-carriage Danish IC3 multiple unit, which can be coupled and uncoupled without any shunting. Since December 2007, some of the IC3 services have been replaced by German Intercity-Express services operated by class 605 (ICE-TD) diesel multiple units, together providing several services each day on the Copenhagen–Hamburg route. One pair runs to/from Berlin.
In August 2010, the Burg auf Fehmarn station was reactivated, and is now called Fehmarn-Burg station. Until December 2010, some services of Intercity line 31 to/from Frankfurt began and ended in Puttgarden. These now start or finish at Fehmarn-Burg.
After the completion of the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link (currently forecast in 2024), Puttgarden ferry station will be closed. Whether trains will continue to stop at Puttgarden is unknown, but unlikely.
The station has a total of 22 kilometres of track and 145 turnouts. Only two platform tracks are currently in service. Scheduled trains run as follows:
- Track 2: long-distance and regional trains to and from Lübeck and Hamburg, and to Denmark
- Track 3: long-distance trains from Denmark to Lubeck and Hamburg.
Two other platforms, each with two platform tracks, are out of service.
The port next to the station area has four docks, two of them with ramps allowing passengers to board and disembark. Only the basin adjoining track 2 and 3 is still used to operate trains and rail wagons on and off the train ferry. The Deutsche Ferienroute Alpen-Ostsee (German Alpine–Baltic Holiday Route) ends in Puttgarden after 1738 kilometres.
From the ferry terminal, there are several bus services operated by Autokraft, including to Burg auf Fehmarn.
|(Berlin –) Hamburg – Lübeck – Puttgarden – Copenhagen||Every four hours, every two hours during the holiday season|
|Lübeck – Timmendorferstrand – Oldenburg (Holst) – Fehmarn-Burg – Puttgarden||Every two hours|
- Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
- "Stationspreisliste 2016" [Station price list 2016] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Erster Intercity hält in Fehmarn-Burg" (in German). bahnnews.info. Retrieved 13 December 2011.