Black-capped bulbul

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Black-capped bulbul
Black-capped bulbul, (Pycnonotus melanicterus).jpg
black-capped bulbul
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: P. melanicterus
Binomial name
Pycnonotus melanicterus
(Gmelin, 1789)
Synonyms
  • Muscicapa melanictera J. F. Gmelin, 1789

The black-capped bulbul (Pycnonotus melanicterus), or black-headed yellow bulbul, is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is endemic to Sri Lanka.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The black-capped bulbul was originally described in the genus Muscicapa.[2] Until 2008, the black-capped bulbul was considered as conspecific with the black-crested, ruby-throated, flame-throated and Bornean bulbuls. Some authorities have considered the ruby-throated, flame-throated and Bornean bulbuls to be subspecies of the black-capped bulbul[3]

Description[edit]

The black-capped bulbul is virtually crestless and has a yellow throat and brownish eyes. It is yellowish green above and yellow below. The tail is brownish and ends in a white tip. The male has red irides and female has brown irides. Calls include a broad repertoire of sweet, mellow, minor-key piping whistles and sharper calls. Breeding records are from March to September.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This is a bird of forest and dense scrub. It builds its nest in a bush; two to four eggs is a typical clutch. The black-capped bulbul feeds on fruit and insects. Found in forests, wooded areas and in gardens. Usually found in pairs.

In culture[edit]

In Sri Lanka, this bird is known as Hisa kalu Kondaya - හිස කලු කොන්ඩයා in Sinhala language.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Pycnonotus melanicterus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Pycnonotus melanicterus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
  3. ^ "Species Version 1 « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
  • Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide. Volume 2: attributes and status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.