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An example of a qama short sword

The qama or ghameh (قمه in Persian) is a short Persian sword, known as kina in the Caucasus and kama in Georgia. It is a long, wide double-edged fighting knife or short sword, native to Circassia and neighboring regions in the Caucasus.[1] The qama was traditionally carried by the Cossacks, who adopted it from the Circassians, and is commonly referred to as the "Cossack dagger" and as the Kindjal in Russia and Ukraine. It resembles the Roman gladius and Scottish dirk.[2][3]


  1. ^ Tyrrell, Henry (1855). The History of the War with Russia: Giving Full Details of the Operations of the Allied Armies. London: London Print. and Publishing Company. p. 5.
  2. ^ Holmes, Richard (2 October 2006). Weapon: A Visual History of Arms and Armor. DK Publishing. p. 187. ISBN 978-0-7566-4219-8.
  3. ^ Egerton, Earl Wilbraham Egerton (1880). An Illustrated Handbook of Indian Arms: Being a Classified and Descriptive Catalogue of the Arms Exhibited at the India Museum: with an Introductory Sketch of the Military History of India. W.H. Allen. p. 143.