Qazi Muhammad

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Qazi Muhammad
Qazi Muhammad.jpg
President of the Republic of Mahabad
In office
22 January 1946 – 15 December 1946
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born(1893-05-01)1 May 1893
Mahabad, Kurdstan
Died30 March 1947(1947-03-30) (aged 53)[1]
Mahabad, kurdstan
CitizenshipKurdish
Political partyPDK
ChildrenEfat and Ali Qazi, Pavin Qazi
ProfessionLawyer

Qazi Muhammad (Kurdish: قازی محەممەد / Qazî Mihemed‎) (1 May 1893 – 29 March 1947) was an Iranian Kurdish leader who founded the Democratic Party of Kurdistan and headed the short-lived Republic of Mahabad. He was hanged by the Pahlavi dynasty for working for his nation's rights and defending the Kurdish people.

Biography[edit]

Kurdish Mahabad Republic was established in 1946 - The President Qazi Muhammad In The Middle

Qazi Muhammad acted as the President of the Republic of Mahabad in 1946.[2] He was also the founder of the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran, that was established after the need for a more transparent party was felt by its adherents. (Komeley Jiyanewey Kurd existed prior to that, as a secret organization.) Mustafa Barzani, one of the leaders of the nationalist Kurdish movement in Iraqi Kurdistan, was also the commander of its army. His cousin Mohammed Hossein Saif Qazi was a minister in his cabinet. A year later, after the Soviets withdrew from Iran, the Kurdish Republic was crushed by Iran's central government.

Family[edit]

One of his sons, Ali Qazi, is today an active member in the Kurdish movement. One of his daughters, Efat Ghazi, was killed by a letter bomb in Västerås, Sweden, in 1990.[3] The bomb was addressed to her husband, the Kurdish activist Emir Ghazi.[4] Some analysts speculated that the Iranian government might have been involved in the assassination.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McDowall, David (2004). A Modern History of the Kurds (3rd ed.). I.B.Tauris. p. 245. ISBN 9781850434160.
  2. ^ Portal, Kurdistan (2008-12-20). "Das Vermächtnis des kurdischen Märtyrers Qazi Mohammed". Kurdmania (in German). Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
  3. ^ Fälth, Gun (1990-09-07). "Kvinna sprängd till döds" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter.
  4. ^ Westmar, Bo (1990-09-07). "Bomben var avsedd för maken" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter.
  5. ^ Rahimi, Babak (2002-11-19). "Offer för Irans dödspatruller" (in Swedish). Mana. Retrieved 2007-12-30.[dead link]
  6. ^ Darvishpour, Mehrdad (2003-09-30). "Säpo skyddar Irans flyktingspioner". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2007-12-30.