Réseau Ferré de France
|This article is outdated. (June 2015)|
|This the article has external links but cites no sources. needs additional citations for verification. (July 2013)|
Logo from 2008-2014
|Industry||Infrastructure & Tracks Proprietor, State Administrator|
|Founded||13 February 1997|
|Defunct||December 31, 2015|
|Headquarters||92, avenue de France
75013 Paris, France
|Parent||Ministère du Transport|
Réseau ferré de France (French: French Rail Network) (RFF) was a French company which owned and maintained the French national railway network from 1997-2014. The company was formed with the rail assets of SNCF in 1997. Afterwards, the trains were operated by SNCF, the national railway company, but due to European Union Directive 91/440, the French government was required to separate train operations from the railway infrastructure. On 1 January 2015, RFF became SNCF Réseau, the operational assets of SNCF became SNCF Mobilités, and both groups were placed under the control of SNCF.
Unlike other infrastructure managers, RFF does not at the moment provide maintenance services or rail traffic control operations, which are both done by SNCF Infra on RFF's behalf. Furthermore SNCF has retained the ownership of stations. RFF has over €32 billion of debt.
The RFF was constituted with SNCF's infrastructure assets, and debts were transferred from the SNCF book to RFF's. Currently RFF is mainly a financial structure focusing on debt refinancing, and it contracts the majority of its infrastructure management to SNCF. In the future, it is expected to be capable of building, maintaining and renovating the French national railway infrastructure on its own. Signalling on RFF infrastructure is implemented and maintained by SNCF.
The creation of RFF was criticised because of the financial options chosen: RFF is subsidised by the French government in order to pay the interest on debt previously borne by the SNCF. SNCF now has a positive operating income and thus enables competition to be opened.
As of July 2013[update], RFF has begun project to build 16 regional control centres, replacing over a thousand local signalling centres. The first regional control centre is being built in Pagny-sur-Moselle.
- "Quick Overview". SNCF Réseau. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Réforme du rail : le projet de loi en conseil des ministres mi-octobre". Mobilicites. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "RFF starts work on Lorraine control centre". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- RFF official website
- European Union SNCF brief
- French Senate report on transport infrastructure
- RFF network map
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