|RCA Studio B|
|Alternative names||RCA Victor Studios |
Home of a Thousand Hits
|Address||1611 Roy Acuff Place|
|Town or city||Nashville, Tennessee|
RCA Studio B was a music recording studio built in 1956 in Nashville, Tennessee by RCA Victor. Originally known simply as "RCA Studios," Studio B, along with the larger and later RCA Studio A became known in the 1960s for being an essential factor to the development of the musical production style and sound engineering technique known as the Nashville Sound. In the two decades the studio was in operation, RCA Studio B produced 60 percent of the Billboard magazine's Country chart hits. The studio closed in 1977.
The studio is located centrally in the Nashville's historic Music Row district. Since 1992 the studio has been under the ownership of the Country Music Hall of Fame, which offers scheduled tours of the facilities.
After years of using portable equipment to record projects in various recording facilities around Nashville, in 1954 Steve Sholes and Chet Atkins established RCA Victor's first Nashville recording facility within the Methodist Television Radio & Film Commission building at 1525 McGavock Street. In January, 1956, Sholes and Atkins produced a session with Elvis Presley, during which he recorded the song Heartbreak Hotel that would become his first gold record and the biggest-selling single of 1956.
Business offices resided in the single-story front of the building, with studio facilities in the rear. The studio measured 40.5 by 26.25 feet (12.34 by 8.00 m), with a 13 feet (4.0 m) high ceiling. A grand piano, acquired from NBC's Tonight Starring Steve Allen, sat in the corner. The small control room was only 12 feet (3.7 m) deep, and housed an RCA radio station tube console with 12 microphone inputs and four outputs, which fed an Ampex 2-track deck. An echo chamber occupied the second story.
In March, 1959, Bill Porter replaced Bob Ferris, RCA Studio B's first chief engineer, and by June had mixed a number one hit: "The Three Bells" by The Browns. Porter considered the studio's acoustics problematic, with resonant room modes creating an uneven frequency response. To lessen the problem, he took some $60 from the studio's petty cash and bought fiberglass acoustic ceiling panels which he cut into triangles and hung from the ceiling at varying heights; these were dubbed "Porter Pyramids". Porter also marked "X"es on the floor where he discovered, by careful experimentation, the resonant modes to be minimal. Porter positioned lead vocalists, background vocalists, and acoustic guitarists at microphones placed directly over his marks. After these improvements, Don Gibson recorded his album Girls, Guitars and Gibson in the studio. Porter later told an interviewer: "Everybody said, 'God, what a different sound!'"
In 1960 and 1961, an addition was built to provide office space and rooms for tape mastering and a lacquer mastering lab.
Nashville painter and singer/songwriter Gil Veda—introduced to the Grand Ole Opry crowd as "The Spanish Hank Williams" in 1962—was the first Hispanic singer to record at RCA's Studio B.
In her 1994 memoir, My Life And Other Unfinished Business, Dolly Parton recounted how she was rushing to her first recording session at Studio B in October 1967 (shortly after having signed with RCA Victor) and, in her haste to make the session on time, drove her car through the side wall of the building. She noted that the spot where her car impacted the building is still visible.
Quonset Hut Studio, RCA Studio B, and later RCA Studio A, were essential locations to the development of the "Nashville Sound." Chet Atkins and the production team at RCA Studio B, notably Steve Sholes, Owen Bradley, Bob Ferguson, and Bill Porter produced studio recordings in the Nashville Sound style, a sophisticated style characterized by background vocals and strings. The Nashville Sound both revived the popularity of country music and helped establish Nashville's reputation as an international recording center, with these three studios at the center of what would become known as Music Row.
In 1977, the studio was made available to the Country Music Hall of Fame for tours, and in 1992 it was donated to the Country Music Hall of Fame by the late Dan Maddox. Until 2001, it was operated as an attraction when the new home for the Hall of Fame was built in downtown Nashville. From 2001 to 2011 the studio was co-operated by the Country Music Hall of Fame and Belmont University's Mike Curb College of Entertainment and Music Business program, which utilized the studio to teach students basic techniques of analog recording.
In 2012, the National Park Service listed RCA Studio B on the National Register of Historic Places. The same year, operation shifted solely to the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, which offers daily scheduled tours of the studio.
List of notable artists recorded
Following is a list of some notable artists who recorded songs at Studio B.
- Eddy Arnold
- Chet Atkins
- Bobby Bare
- David Bowie
- Harold Bradley
- The Browns
- Jerry Byrd
- Floyd Cramer
- Skeeter Davis
- Ronnie Dove
- The Everly Brothers
- Donna Fargo
- Connie Francis
- Hank Garland
- Don Gibson
- Mickey Gilley
- Bobby Goldsboro
- Billy Grammer
- Buddy Harman
- John Hartford
- Al Hirt
- Homer and Jethro
- Norma Jean
- Waylon Jennings
- Jack Jersey
- Grandpa Jones
- The Jordanaires
- Anita Kerr Singers
- Hank Locklin
- John D. Loudermilk
- Bob Luman
- Charlie McCoy
- Roger Miller
- Bob Moore
- Willie Nelson
- Notre Dame High School (Elmira, New York)
- Roy Orbison
- Dolly Parton
- Elvis Presley
- Charley Pride
- Boots Randolph
- Jim Reeves
- Tommy Roe
- Ronny & the Daytonas
- Connie Smith
- Hank Snow
- Gary Stewart
- The Strokes
- Nat Stuckey
- Sue Thompson
- Johnny Tillotson
- Ernest Tubb
- The Velvets
- Porter Wagoner
- Gillian Welch
- Dottie West
- Cogan, Jim (2003). Temples of Sound. San Francisco: Chronicle Books LLC. pp. 54–63. ISBN 0-8118-3394-1.
- "'Heartbreak' Studio Demolished for Parking Lost". NPR.org. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
- "RCA Victor – 1525 McGavock St". Scotty Moore: The Official Website. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
- "Historic Studio Site Being Demolished in Nashville". CMT News. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
- Jordan, Larry (2011). Jim Reeves: His Untold Story. United States: Page Turner Books International, LLC. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-615-52430-6.
- Fremer, Michael (May 1, 2009). "Mr. Natural: Recording Engineer Bill Porter Part I". MusicAngle.com. Retrieved July 8, 2010.
- Rumble, John W. (1996). "Behind the Board with Bill Porter: Part One". The Journal of Country Music. 18 (1): 33.
- "Music and art mesh in Veda's storied life". www.tnledger.com. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
- Dolly Parton (1994). Dolly: My Life And Other Unfinished Business. Harper Collins. ISBN 0-06-017720-9
- "HowStuffWorks "Suggested Itineraries for Visiting Nashville"". September 27, 2008. Archived from the original on September 27, 2008.
- "Belmont University Recording Studio Facilities". Archived from the original on 2006-08-20.
- "Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 7/09/12 through 7/13/12". National Park Service. July 20, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- Jordan, Larry (2011). Jim Reeves: His Untold Story. United States: Page Turner Books International, LLC. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-615-52430-6.
- "Studio B Celebrates 60th". StudioB.org. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
- "The Artists". Historic RCA Studio B. Nashville, Tennessee: Country Music Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 9, 2010. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
- McClellan, John; Bratic, Deyan (2004). Chet Atkins in Three Dimensions. Vol. 2. Mel Bay Publications. pp. 149–152. ISBN 0-7866-5877-0.
- Cann, Kevin (2010). Any Day Now – David Bowie: The London Years: 1947–1974. Croydon, Surrey: Adelita. pp. 270–271. ISBN 978-0-95520-177-6.
- Blakely, Larry (August–September 1982). "Bill Porter: Engineering Elvis" (PDF). Mix. 6 (8–9). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- "Artists Recorded at RCA Studio B". Mike Curb Family Foundation. Retrieved August 8, 2010.